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Cell Systems to Investigate the Impact of Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Health

Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Human Nutrition, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links, Ghent 653 B-9000, Belgium
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak 34469, Istanbul, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2015, 7(11), 9229-9255;
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 21 October 2015 / Accepted: 28 October 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
Polyphenols are a diverse group of micronutrients from plant origin that may serve as antioxidants and that contribute to human health in general. More specifically, many research groups have investigated their protective effect against cardiovascular diseases in several animal studies and human trials. Yet, because of the excessive processing of the polyphenol structure by human cells and the residing intestinal microbial community, which results in a large variability between the test subjects, the exact mechanisms of their protective effects are still under investigation. To this end, simplified cell culture systems have been used to decrease the inter-individual variability in mechanistic studies. In this review, we will discuss the different cell culture models that have been used so far for polyphenol research in the context of cardiovascular diseases. We will also review the current trends in cell culture research, including co-culture methodologies. Finally, we will discuss the potential of these advanced models to screen for cardiovascular effects of the large pool of bioactive polyphenols present in foods and their metabolites. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-culture; cytokine; endothelium; intestine; liver co-culture; cytokine; endothelium; intestine; liver
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grootaert, C.; Kamiloglu, S.; Capanoglu, E.; Van Camp, J. Cell Systems to Investigate the Impact of Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Health. Nutrients 2015, 7, 9229-9255.

AMA Style

Grootaert C, Kamiloglu S, Capanoglu E, Van Camp J. Cell Systems to Investigate the Impact of Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Health. Nutrients. 2015; 7(11):9229-9255.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grootaert, Charlotte, Senem Kamiloglu, Esra Capanoglu, and John Van Camp. 2015. "Cell Systems to Investigate the Impact of Polyphenols on Cardiovascular Health" Nutrients 7, no. 11: 9229-9255.

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