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Nutrients 2013, 5(11), 4786-4799;

Bone Mass and Mineral Metabolism Alterations in Adult Celiac Disease: Pathophysiology and Clinical Approach

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia, IRCCS "S.Matteo" Hospital Foundation, Pavia 27100, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 September 2013 / Revised: 13 November 2013 / Accepted: 14 November 2013 / Published: 22 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Celiac Disease)
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Osteoporosis affects many patients with celiac disease (CD), representing the consequence of calcium malabsorption and persistent activation of mucosal inflammation. A slight increase of fracture risk is evident in this condition, particularly in those with overt malabsorption and in postmenopausal state. The adoption of a correct gluten-free diet (GFD) improves bone derangement, but is not able to normalize bone mass in all the patients. Biomarkers effective in the prediction of bone response to gluten-free diet are not yet available and the indications of guidelines are still imperfect and debated. In this review, the pathophysiology of bone loss is correlated to clinical aspects, defining an alternative proposal of management for this condition. View Full-Text
Keywords: celiac disease; osteoporosis; gluten-free diet; bone densitometry celiac disease; osteoporosis; gluten-free diet; bone densitometry

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Di Stefano, M.; Mengoli, C.; Bergonzi, M.; Corazza, G.R. Bone Mass and Mineral Metabolism Alterations in Adult Celiac Disease: Pathophysiology and Clinical Approach. Nutrients 2013, 5, 4786-4799.

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