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Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Adult Mortality Risk: A Systematic Review and Dose–Response Meta-Analysis of 207,291 Participants
 
 
Systematic Review

A Systematic Review on Processed/Ultra-Processed Foods and Arterial Hypertension in Adults and Older People

1
Post Graduate Program in Nutrition—Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, RN, Brazil
2
Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, RN, Brazil
3
Post Graduate Program in Collective Health—Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59056-000, RN, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard Hoffman
Nutrients 2022, 14(6), 1215; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061215
Received: 20 January 2022 / Revised: 18 February 2022 / Accepted: 21 February 2022 / Published: 13 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Western Diet and Chronic Diseases)
The increase in the availability of processed and ultra-processed foods has altered the eating patterns of populations, and these foods constitute an exposure factor for the development of arterial hypertension. This systematic review analyzed evidence of the association between consumption of processed/ultra-processed foods and arterial hypertension in adults and older people. Electronic searches for relevant articles were performed in the PUBMED, EMBASE and LILACS databases. The review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines and the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale. The search of the databases led to the retrieval of 2323 articles, eight of which were included in the review. A positive association was found between the consumption of ultra-processed foods and blood pressure/arterial hypertension, whereas insufficient evidence was found for the association between the consumption of processed foods and arterial hypertension. The results reveal the high consumption of ultra-processed foods in developed and middle-income countries, warning of the health risks of such foods, which have a high energy density and are rich in salt, sugar and fat. The findings underscore the urgent need for the adoption of measures that exert a positive impact on the quality of life of populations, especially those at greater risk, such as adults and older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypertension; blood pressure; dietary habits; food processing; NOVA classification; systematic review; chronic non-communicable diseases hypertension; blood pressure; dietary habits; food processing; NOVA classification; systematic review; chronic non-communicable diseases
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barbosa, S.S.; Sousa, L.C.M.; de Oliveira Silva, D.F.; Pimentel, J.B.; Evangelista, K.C.M.d.S.; Lyra, C.d.O.; Lopes, M.M.G.D.; Lima, S.C.V.C. A Systematic Review on Processed/Ultra-Processed Foods and Arterial Hypertension in Adults and Older People. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1215. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061215

AMA Style

Barbosa SS, Sousa LCM, de Oliveira Silva DF, Pimentel JB, Evangelista KCMdS, Lyra CdO, Lopes MMGD, Lima SCVC. A Systematic Review on Processed/Ultra-Processed Foods and Arterial Hypertension in Adults and Older People. Nutrients. 2022; 14(6):1215. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061215

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barbosa, Suamy Sales, Layanne Cristini Martin Sousa, David Franciole de Oliveira Silva, Jéssica Bastos Pimentel, Karine Cavalcanti Maurício de Sena Evangelista, Clélia de Oliveira Lyra, Márcia Marília Gomes Dantas Lopes, and Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima. 2022. "A Systematic Review on Processed/Ultra-Processed Foods and Arterial Hypertension in Adults and Older People" Nutrients 14, no. 6: 1215. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061215

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