Next Article in Journal
Refeeding Syndrome: A Critical Reality in Patients with Chronic Disease
Next Article in Special Issue
Anti-Biofilm Activities of Chinese Poplar Propolis Essential Oil against Streptococcus mutans
Previous Article in Journal
Adolescent Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Healthy Eating: Findings of Qualitative Interviews among Hong Kong Families
 
 
Review

Bee Pollen: Clinical Trials and Patent Applications

1
Department of Chemistry, College of Science and Arts, Najran University, P.O. Box 1988, Najran 11001, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Bee Research, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Giza 12627, Egypt
3
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom 32512, Egypt
4
Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt
5
Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Egypt
6
General Zoology, Institute for Biology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Hoher Weg 8, 06120 Halle, Germany
7
Alnahalaljwal Foundation Saudi Arabia, P.O. Box 617, Al Jumum, Makkah 21926, Saudi Arabia
8
Second Clinical Medical College, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China
9
Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Taibah University, Al Madinah P.O. Box 887, Saudi Arabia
10
Food Science and Technology Program, BNU-HKBU United International College, Zhuhai 519087, China
11
Avian and Rabbit Diseases Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Menoufia 22857, Egypt
12
PerNaturam GmbH, An der Trift 8, 56290 Gödenroth, Germany
13
Prophy-Institute for Applied Prophylaxis, 59159 Bönen, Germany
14
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
15
Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
16
Institute of Apicultural Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
17
Pharmacognosy Group, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala University, Biomedical Centre, P.O. Box 591, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
18
International Joint Research Laboratory of Intelligent Agriculture and Agri-Products Processing, Jiangsu Education Department, Jiangsu University, Nanjing 210024, China
19
International Research Center for Food Nutrition and Safety, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bahram H. Arjmandi
Nutrients 2022, 14(14), 2858; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14142858
Received: 9 June 2022 / Revised: 4 July 2022 / Accepted: 9 July 2022 / Published: 12 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bee Products in Human Health)
Bee pollen is a natural cocktail of floral nectar, flower pollen, enzymes, and salivary secretions produced by honeybees. Bee pollen is one of the bee products most enriched in proteins, polysaccharides, polyphenols, lipids, minerals, and vitamins. It has a significant health and medicinal impact and provides protection against many diseases, including diabetes, cancer, infectious, and cardiovascular. Bee pollen is commonly promoted as a cost-effective functional food. In particular, bee pollen has been applied in clinical trials for allergies and prostate illnesses, with a few investigations on cancer and skin problems. However, it is involved in several patents and health recipes to combat chronic health problems. This review aimed to highlight the clinical trials and patents involving bee pollen for different cases and to present the role of bee pollen as a supplementary food and a potential product in cosmetic applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: bee pollen; diseases; functional foods; cosmetics bee pollen; diseases; functional foods; cosmetics
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Algethami, J.S.; El-Wahed, A.A.A.; Elashal, M.H.; Ahmed, H.R.; Elshafiey, E.H.; Omar, E.M.; Naggar, Y.A.; Algethami, A.F.; Shou, Q.; Alsharif, S.M.; Xu, B.; Shehata, A.A.; Guo, Z.; Khalifa, S.A.M.; Wang, K.; El-Seedi, H.R. Bee Pollen: Clinical Trials and Patent Applications. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2858. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14142858

AMA Style

Algethami JS, El-Wahed AAA, Elashal MH, Ahmed HR, Elshafiey EH, Omar EM, Naggar YA, Algethami AF, Shou Q, Alsharif SM, Xu B, Shehata AA, Guo Z, Khalifa SAM, Wang K, El-Seedi HR. Bee Pollen: Clinical Trials and Patent Applications. Nutrients. 2022; 14(14):2858. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14142858

Chicago/Turabian Style

Algethami, Jari S., Aida A. Abd El-Wahed, Mohamed H. Elashal, Hanan R. Ahmed, Esraa H. Elshafiey, Eslam M. Omar, Yahya Al Naggar, Ahmed F. Algethami, Qiyang Shou, Sultan M. Alsharif, Baojun Xu, Awad A. Shehata, Zhiming Guo, Shaden A. M. Khalifa, Kai Wang, and Hesham R. El-Seedi. 2022. "Bee Pollen: Clinical Trials and Patent Applications" Nutrients 14, no. 14: 2858. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14142858

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop