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Article

Use of Dietary Supplements and Perceived Knowledge among Adults Living with Fibromyalgia in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Norwegian Social Research—NOVA, Department of Ageing Research and Housing Studies, Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs Plass, N-0130 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs Plass, N-0130 Oslo, Norway
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Norwegian League Against Rheumatism, Professor Dahls Gate 32, N-0260 Oslo, Norway
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Research and Communication Unit for Musculoskeletal Health (FORMI), Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4956, N-0424 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs Plass, N-0130 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Health, Oslo New University College, Lovisenberggata 13, N-0456 Oslo, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: R. Andrew Shanely
Nutrients 2022, 14(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010005
Received: 15 November 2021 / Revised: 15 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a complex medical condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. To date, no gold standard treatment has been developed, and persons with FMS often seek alternative methods to control their symptoms, such as dietary supplements (DS). This study aimed to describe the use of DS in persons living with FMS and examine the associations between the use of DS and its potential predictors. We recruited a convenience sample of 504 participants (≥18 years) living with FMS. The main outcome variables included estimated expenditure on DS in the last 12 months in Norwegian kroner (NOK) and the differences between the groups of users and non-users of DS. Of the 504 participants, 430 reported having used DS, and the mean amount of money spent in the previous year was determined to be NOK 2300. The most common DS reported were vitamin D, magnesium, and omega-3 fatty acids. The predictors of being a DS user were high education, high self-reported knowledge of DS but low overall knowledge of health claims. Users of DS marketed for muscles/joints appear to spend more money on DS. The increasing availability of DS and aggressive advertising in the media through health claims stipulate the need for interventions that lead to informed decisions about DS. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibromyalgia syndrome; dietary supplements; musculoskeletal disorders; health claims; informed health choices; Norway fibromyalgia syndrome; dietary supplements; musculoskeletal disorders; health claims; informed health choices; Norway
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kvæl, L.A.H.; Løchting, I.; Molin, M. Use of Dietary Supplements and Perceived Knowledge among Adults Living with Fibromyalgia in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2022, 14, 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010005

AMA Style

Kvæl LAH, Løchting I, Molin M. Use of Dietary Supplements and Perceived Knowledge among Adults Living with Fibromyalgia in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2022; 14(1):5. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kvæl, Linda Aimée Hartford, Ida Løchting, and Marianne Molin. 2022. "Use of Dietary Supplements and Perceived Knowledge among Adults Living with Fibromyalgia in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study" Nutrients 14, no. 1: 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010005

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