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Article

Social Inequalities in Changes in Diet in Adolescents during Confinement Due to COVID-19 in Spain: The DESKcohort Project

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Foodlab Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Rambla del Poblenou, 156, 08018 Barcelona, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Rambla del Poblenou, 156, 08018 Barcelona, Spain
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Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia en Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), C/ de Ca n’Altayó s/n, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
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Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences of Manresa, Universitat de Vic–Universitat Central de Catalunya (UVic-UCC), Av. Universitària 4-6, 08242 Manresa, Spain
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Program on Substance Abuse, Public Health Agency of Catalonia. C/ Roc Boronat, 81–95, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
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Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), C/ Monforte de Lemos 3 Pabellón 11, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dawn K. Wilson
Nutrients 2021, 13(5), 1577; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051577
Received: 8 April 2021 / Revised: 1 May 2021 / Accepted: 5 May 2021 / Published: 8 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Healthy Lifestyle in Adolescents)
Adolescence is a critical period in the consolidation of healthy lifestyles that can last into adulthood. To analyze changes in food consumption and eating behaviors in high-school adolescents during the first confinement, a cross-sectional study was conducted at the end of confinement in Spain. Changes in the frequency or quantity of consumption of different types of food and food-related behaviors were analyzed. Socioeconomic and health-related variables were also considered. To determine whether dietary changes were related to socioeconomic position (SEP), Poisson regression models with robust variance were estimated. Overall, there were some changes towards a healthier diet such as an increase in fruit consumption (38.9%) and a decrease in the consumption of soft drinks (49.8%), sweets and pastries (39.3%), and convenience foods (49.2%). Some changes, however, were related to less healthy behaviors, such as a more irregular pattern of meal distribution (39.9%) or an increase in snacking between meals (56.4%). Changes towards less healthy eating were also related to students’ SEP. The risk of worsening the diet was found to be 21% higher in adolescents from a more disadvantaged SEP. Future public policies could be adapted to avoid increasing nutritional and health inequalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; food habits; socioeconomic position; social inequalities; COVID-19 adolescent; food habits; socioeconomic position; social inequalities; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aguilar-Martínez, A.; Bosque-Prous, M.; González-Casals, H.; Colillas-Malet, E.; Puigcorbé, S.; Esquius, L.; Espelt, A. Social Inequalities in Changes in Diet in Adolescents during Confinement Due to COVID-19 in Spain: The DESKcohort Project. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1577. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051577

AMA Style

Aguilar-Martínez A, Bosque-Prous M, González-Casals H, Colillas-Malet E, Puigcorbé S, Esquius L, Espelt A. Social Inequalities in Changes in Diet in Adolescents during Confinement Due to COVID-19 in Spain: The DESKcohort Project. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1577. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051577

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aguilar-Martínez, Alicia; Bosque-Prous, Marina; González-Casals, Helena; Colillas-Malet, Ester; Puigcorbé, Susanna; Esquius, Laura; Espelt, Albert. 2021. "Social Inequalities in Changes in Diet in Adolescents during Confinement Due to COVID-19 in Spain: The DESKcohort Project" Nutrients 13, no. 5: 1577. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051577

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