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Open AccessArticle

The Relationships between Sleep and Mental and Physical Health of Chinese Elderly: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Diet and Physical Activity

1
School of Humanities and Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518172, China
2
Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, 50-527 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: David Jiménez-Pavón and Ana Carbonell-Baeza
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1316; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041316
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 10 April 2021 / Accepted: 15 April 2021 / Published: 16 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Physical Activity, Aging and Health)
Sleep quality, diet quality, and physical activity are significant factors influencing physical and mental health. However, few studies have explored their underlying mechanisms, especially among the elderly population in East Asia, where people have food culture and lifestyles distinct from those living in Western countries. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore the relationships among sleep quality, diet quality, physical activity, and physical and mental health in a Chinese elderly sample. Sleep quality, diet quality, physical activity, physical health, and mental health were investigated among 313 Chinese elderly (aged 51–92 years, M = 67.90, SD = 7.94). Mediation analysis was used to examine the empirical model based on previous theories and literature. Close positive relationships were observed between all factors investigated (r = 0.22~0.73, p < 0.001). The relationships between sleep quality and physical and mental health were partially mediated by diet quality and physical activity. In clinical interventions, sleep quality, diet quality, and physical activity can be targeted to improve physical and mental health among the older adult populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep quality; diet quality; physical activity; physical health; mental health; mediation sleep quality; diet quality; physical activity; physical health; mental health; mediation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, Y.; Song, J.; Brytek-Matera, A.; Zhang, H.; He, J. The Relationships between Sleep and Mental and Physical Health of Chinese Elderly: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Diet and Physical Activity. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1316. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041316

AMA Style

Zhao Y, Song J, Brytek-Matera A, Zhang H, He J. The Relationships between Sleep and Mental and Physical Health of Chinese Elderly: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Diet and Physical Activity. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1316. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041316

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Yiqing; Song, Jianwen; Brytek-Matera, Anna; Zhang, Hengyue; He, Jinbo. 2021. "The Relationships between Sleep and Mental and Physical Health of Chinese Elderly: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Diet and Physical Activity" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1316. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041316

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