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Determination of an Acceptable Portion Size of Daal for a Bangladeshi Community-Based Iron Intervention in Adolescent Girls: A Feasibility Study

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College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, 104 Clinic Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
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Nutrition International, 180 Elgin Street, Suite 1000, Ottawa, ON K2P 2K3, Canada
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James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, 68 Shahid Tajuddin Ahmed Sharani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
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College of Agriculture and Bio-Resources, The University of Saskatchewan, Agriculture Building 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A8, Canada
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Department of Sports Medicine, King’s College, 133 N River St, Wilkes-Barre, PA 18711, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: James H. Swain and Roberto Iacone
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1080; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041080
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 22 March 2021 / Accepted: 24 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition Methodology & Assessment)
Widely consumed daal (lentils) in Bangladesh are an ideal vehicle for iron (Fe) fortification; however, an acceptable portion size in meals needs to be determined to carry out a community feeding study in at-risk adolescent girls. A non-randomized crossover trial was conducted with n = 100 Bangladeshi girls (12.9 ± 2.0 years of age). Two recipes (thin and thick) and three portion sizes (25 g, 37.5 g, 50 g of raw lentil) of daal were served with 250 g of cooked white rice in a counter-balanced manner over 12 weeks. Each meal was fed to participants 5 days/week for two weeks. Ratings of hunger, satiety, and palatability were measured before and after each meal using Visual Analog Scales (VAS). The thick preparation in the 37.5 g portion (~200 g cooked) elicited higher VAS ratings of hunger, satiety, and palatability compared to all other meals. The 50 g portion of the thin preparation had VAS ratings similar to those of the 37.5 g thick preparation. Consuming the 37.5 g portion of fortified daal would provide 6.9 mg Fe/day to girls in a community-based effectiveness study. This would meet ~86% and ~46% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for Fe for girls aged 9–13 and 14–18 years, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: lentils; fortification; iron; adolescent girls; portion size; feeding study; Bangladesh; crossover trial; feasibility lentils; fortification; iron; adolescent girls; portion size; feeding study; Bangladesh; crossover trial; feasibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yunus, F.M.; Jalal, C.; Zello, G.A.; Afsana, K.; Vandenberg, A.; DellaValle, D.M. Determination of an Acceptable Portion Size of Daal for a Bangladeshi Community-Based Iron Intervention in Adolescent Girls: A Feasibility Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1080. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041080

AMA Style

Yunus FM, Jalal C, Zello GA, Afsana K, Vandenberg A, DellaValle DM. Determination of an Acceptable Portion Size of Daal for a Bangladeshi Community-Based Iron Intervention in Adolescent Girls: A Feasibility Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1080. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041080

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yunus, Fakir M., Chowdhury Jalal, Gordon A. Zello, Kaosar Afsana, Albert Vandenberg, and Diane M. DellaValle. 2021. "Determination of an Acceptable Portion Size of Daal for a Bangladeshi Community-Based Iron Intervention in Adolescent Girls: A Feasibility Study" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1080. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041080

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