Next Article in Journal
Use of Salt-Restriction Spoons and Its Associations with Urinary Sodium and Potassium in the Zhejiang Province of China: Results of a Population-Based Survey
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of an Antenatal Lifestyle Intervention on Dietary Inflammatory Index and Its Associations with Maternal and Fetal Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis of the PEARS Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Heterogeneities in Consumer Diet Quality and Health Outcomes of Consumers by Store Choice and Income
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Omega-3 Supplementation in Pregnant Women with Obesity on Newborn Body Composition, Growth and Length of Gestation: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Article

Pre-Pregnancy Diet Quality Is Associated with Lowering the Risk of Offspring Obesity and Underweight: Finding from a Prospective Cohort Study

Centre for Longitudinal and Life Course Research, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, 266 Herston Road, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Catherine Phillips and Marion Lecorguille
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1044; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041044
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 11 March 2021 / Accepted: 20 March 2021 / Published: 24 March 2021
Maternal diet plays a critical role in epigenetic changes and the establishment of the gut microbiome in the fetus, which has been associated with weight outcomes in offspring. This study examined the association between maternal diet quality before pregnancy and childhood body mass index (BMI) in offspring. There were 1936 mothers with 3391 children included from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) and the Mothers and their Children’s Health (MatCH) study. Maternal dietary intakes were assessed using a semi-quantitative and validated 101-item food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The healthy eating index (HEI-2015) score was used to explore preconception diet quality. Childhood BMI was categorized as underweight, normal, overweight, and obese based on sex and age-specific BMI classifications for children. Multinomial logistic regression with cluster-robust standard errors was used for analyses. Greater adherence to maternal diet quality before pregnancy was associated with a lower risk of offspring being underweight after adjustment for potential confounders, highest vs. lowest quartile (relative risk ratio (RRR) = 0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.49, 0.96). Higher adherence to preconception diet quality was also inversely linked with the risk of childhood obesity (RRR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.24, 0.98). This association was, however, no longer significant after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI. Sodium intake was significantly associated with decreased risk of childhood overweight and obesity (RRR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.23) and (RRR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.17, 0.26), respectively. No significant association was detected between preconception diet quality and offspring being overweight. This study suggests that better adherence to maternal diet quality before pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of childhood underweight and obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: preconception; healthy eating index-2015; diet quality; offspring; obesity; underweight preconception; healthy eating index-2015; diet quality; offspring; obesity; underweight
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Gete, D.G.; Waller, M.; Mishra, G.D. Pre-Pregnancy Diet Quality Is Associated with Lowering the Risk of Offspring Obesity and Underweight: Finding from a Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1044. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041044

AMA Style

Gete DG, Waller M, Mishra GD. Pre-Pregnancy Diet Quality Is Associated with Lowering the Risk of Offspring Obesity and Underweight: Finding from a Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1044. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gete, Dereje G., Michael Waller, and Gita D. Mishra 2021. "Pre-Pregnancy Diet Quality Is Associated with Lowering the Risk of Offspring Obesity and Underweight: Finding from a Prospective Cohort Study" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1044. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041044

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop