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Article

Heterogeneities in Consumer Diet Quality and Health Outcomes of Consumers by Store Choice and Income

Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael J. Puglisi and Armando Perez-Cueto
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1046; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041046
Received: 31 January 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 24 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality, Food Environment and Diet Diversity)
Obesity and other diet-related health conditions have received much attention in the public health literature over the past two decades. This study investigates the relationship between household food budget shares at different food outlets with diet quality and weight-related health outcomes in the United States. Our analysis used event-level food purchase data from the national household food acquisition and purchases survey (FoodAPS). We find that, after controlling for observables, food purchase location is significantly associated with diet quality and body mass index (BMI). Our findings indicate that larger food budget shares at convenience stores and restaurants are linked with poor diet quality based on the healthy eating index-2015 (HEI-2015) scores and higher BMI. We further explored potential heterogeneity on outcomes of interest across income groups. Results suggest heterogeneous effects may exist across income groups: low-income households, who spent a larger share of their food budget at convenience stores and fast-food restaurants are related to poor diet quality and more likely to be obese. Our findings will help improve understanding of the causes of diet-related health problems and may illuminate potential avenues of intervention to address obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: food store choice; diet quality; obesity; body mass index; heterogeneities; FoodAPS food store choice; diet quality; obesity; body mass index; heterogeneities; FoodAPS
MDPI and ACS Style

Dhakal, C.K.; Khadka, S. Heterogeneities in Consumer Diet Quality and Health Outcomes of Consumers by Store Choice and Income. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041046

AMA Style

Dhakal CK, Khadka S. Heterogeneities in Consumer Diet Quality and Health Outcomes of Consumers by Store Choice and Income. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dhakal, Chandra K., and Savin Khadka. 2021. "Heterogeneities in Consumer Diet Quality and Health Outcomes of Consumers by Store Choice and Income" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041046

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