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Article

Usefulness of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Minor Polar Compounds in the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

1
UOC of Internal Medicine-Center of Hypertension and Nephrology Unit, Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
PhD School of Applied Medical, Surgical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
3
PHYTOLAB (Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic, Food Supplement, Technology and Analysis), DiSIA, University of Florence Via Ugo Schiff 6, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Florence, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Nutrients 2021, 13(2), 581; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020581
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 2 February 2021 / Accepted: 5 February 2021 / Published: 10 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Degenerative Diseases)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common chronic non-communicable degenerative diseases and it represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The Mediterranean diet, in which extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the main source of vegetal fats, represents a nutritional-diet regimen that is useful for the treatment of CKD and its comorbidities. We tested two different EVOOs, characterized by a high (Synergy) and medium (Luxolio) content of minor polar compounds (MPCs), detected by HPLC-DAD-MS analysis, in 40 nephropathic patients, at a dose of 40 mL/day for 9 weeks. We evaluated the effects of these two EVOOs on renal function, body composition, oxidative stress, and inflammatory state, after 9 weeks of EVOOs consumption (T1) and after 2 months of wash-out (T2). We observed an improvement of renal function biomarkers (estimated-glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, azotemia, uric acid), lipid profile, oxidative stress, inflammatory parameters (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein) and in body composition at T1. These healthy effects were greater and persisted over time after the wash-out period in Synergy patients. The high MPC EVOO content seems to exert an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect in nephropathic patients and these protective actions are maintained over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: extra virgin olive oil; polyphenols; antioxidant activity; chronic kidney disease; hydroxytyrosol; oleocanthal extra virgin olive oil; polyphenols; antioxidant activity; chronic kidney disease; hydroxytyrosol; oleocanthal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Noce, A.; Marrone, G.; Urciuoli, S.; Di Daniele, F.; Di Lauro, M.; Pietroboni Zaitseva, A.; Di Daniele, N.; Romani, A. Usefulness of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Minor Polar Compounds in the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients. Nutrients 2021, 13, 581. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020581

AMA Style

Noce A, Marrone G, Urciuoli S, Di Daniele F, Di Lauro M, Pietroboni Zaitseva A, Di Daniele N, Romani A. Usefulness of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Minor Polar Compounds in the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):581. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020581

Chicago/Turabian Style

Noce, Annalisa, Giulia Marrone, Silvia Urciuoli, Francesca Di Daniele, Manuela Di Lauro, Anna Pietroboni Zaitseva, Nicola Di Daniele, and Annalisa Romani. 2021. "Usefulness of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Minor Polar Compounds in the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients" Nutrients 13, no. 2: 581. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020581

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