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Article

The Mediterranean Diet in Osteoporosis Prevention: An Insight in a Peri- and Post-Menopausal Population

1
Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences “Mario Serio”, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy
2
Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research, and Child Health (Section of Psychology), University of Florence, Via di San Salvi 12, 50139 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ramón Estruch and Laura Di Renzo
Nutrients 2021, 13(2), 531; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020531
Received: 10 November 2020 / Revised: 26 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 6 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Degenerative Diseases)
Osteoporosis represent a widespread public health problem. The management and prevention of osteoporosis and related low energy fractures start with a correct lifestyle and proper nutrition. Several different nutrients are essential for bone and mineral metabolism, especially calcium. Nevertheless, a well-balanced nutrition, such as Mediterranean diet (MD), proved to be beneficial for several chronic diseases and also fragility fractures resulted lower in the Mediterranean area. A prospective observational study in a population of two hundred peri- and post-menopausal women (aged 30–80 years) was developed at Careggi hospital, Florence. Both MD adherence and dietary calcium intake were evaluated in occasion of a “first visit” and a “follow-up” visit, through validated questionnaires. From a descriptive point of view, although not statistically significant, in both visits a slight increase in calcium intake was observed for high adherence to MD diet. Moreover, a short nutritional interview (20 min) was applied in our population and demonstrated to be sufficient to significantly improve MD adherence level (mean score at T0 = 6.98 ± 1.74 and T1 = 7.53 ± 1.68), opening promising paths in osteoporosis prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteoporosis; Mediterranean diet; calcium intake; menopause; bone health osteoporosis; Mediterranean diet; calcium intake; menopause; bone health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Quattrini, S.; Pampaloni, B.; Gronchi, G.; Giusti, F.; Brandi, M.L. The Mediterranean Diet in Osteoporosis Prevention: An Insight in a Peri- and Post-Menopausal Population. Nutrients 2021, 13, 531. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020531

AMA Style

Quattrini S, Pampaloni B, Gronchi G, Giusti F, Brandi ML. The Mediterranean Diet in Osteoporosis Prevention: An Insight in a Peri- and Post-Menopausal Population. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):531. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020531

Chicago/Turabian Style

Quattrini, Sara, Barbara Pampaloni, Giorgio Gronchi, Francesca Giusti, and Maria L. Brandi 2021. "The Mediterranean Diet in Osteoporosis Prevention: An Insight in a Peri- and Post-Menopausal Population" Nutrients 13, no. 2: 531. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020531

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