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Nutritional Quality of Plant-Based Meat Products Available in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Wolfson Institute of Population Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
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Nutrients 2021, 13(12), 4225; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124225
Received: 12 October 2021 / Revised: 13 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Phytochemicals and Human Health)
Plant-based meat (PBM) has been gaining popularity due to increasing concerns over health, animal welfare, and environmental issues linked to animal foods. This study aimed to compare the nutrient profile of PBM with equivalent meat products. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 207 PBM and 226 meat products available from 14 retailers in the UK. We extracted data on energy density, total and saturated fat, protein, fiber, and salt per 100 g from product packaging and calculated the nutrient profile of each product. Compared to meat, PBM had significantly lower energy density, total fat, saturated fat, protein, and significantly higher fiber. Salt content was significantly higher in five out of six PBM categories. Based on the UK’s Nutrient Profiling Model, 14% of PBM and 40% of meat products were classified as “less healthy” (p < 0.001). When considering the UK’s front-of-pack labelling criteria 20% of the PBM and 46% of meat products were considered high in either total fat, saturated fat, or salt (p < 0.001). Nearly three quarters of PBM products did not meet the current UK salt targets. PBM products have a better nutrient profile compared to meat equivalents. However, more progress is needed to reduce salt in these products. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant-based meat; alternative protein; vegetarian; nutrient profile; salt plant-based meat; alternative protein; vegetarian; nutrient profile; salt
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alessandrini, R.; Brown, M.K.; Pombo-Rodrigues, S.; Bhageerutty, S.; He, F.J.; MacGregor, G.A. Nutritional Quality of Plant-Based Meat Products Available in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Nutrients 2021, 13, 4225. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124225

AMA Style

Alessandrini R, Brown MK, Pombo-Rodrigues S, Bhageerutty S, He FJ, MacGregor GA. Nutritional Quality of Plant-Based Meat Products Available in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Nutrients. 2021; 13(12):4225. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124225

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alessandrini, Roberta, Mhairi K. Brown, Sonia Pombo-Rodrigues, Sheena Bhageerutty, Feng J. He, and Graham A. MacGregor 2021. "Nutritional Quality of Plant-Based Meat Products Available in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey" Nutrients 13, no. 12: 4225. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124225

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