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Article

Assessment of Spanish Food Consumption Patterns during COVID-19 Home Confinement

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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Research Group on Food and Nutrition (ALINUT), Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
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Unitat de Suport a la Recerca Terres de l’Ebre, Fundació Institut Universitari per a la Recerca a l’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 43500 Tortosa, Spain
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Unitat de Recerca, Gerència Territorial Terres de l’Ebre, Institut Catalá de la Salut, 43500 Tortotsa, Spain
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Facultat de Enfermería, Campus Terres de l’Ebre, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tortosa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Evelyn Parr
Nutrients 2021, 13(11), 4122; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13114122
Received: 20 October 2021 / Revised: 11 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 17 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Nutrition in COVID-19)
People’s eating habits and lifestyle can have a negative impact on health. In situations of difficulty or socioeconomic crisis, these habits tend to be modified, leading to unhealthy dietary patterns that result in an increase of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Previous studies have indicated that, due to the state of alarm imposed in Spain to combat the spread of COVID-19, an increase in the purchase of non-core products occurred, along with a decrease in the daily physical activity of the population. This could be a risk factor for COVID-19 infection. The objective of this observational study was to analyze the dietary pattern of the Spanish population during home confinement and to compare it with the pattern of habitual consumption collected in the last National Health Survey, analyzing the possible changes. More than half of the respondents in the sample increased their consumption of sweets and snacks during confinement, while the consumption of fresh products decreased. Most claimed to be emotionally hungry, leading to an increase in their daily energy intake. The stress and anxiety generated by confinement could be the cause of the increased consumption of products rich in sugars and saturated fats, which are associated with greater stress and anxiety. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; home confinement; food consumption; dietary pattern COVID-19; home confinement; food consumption; dietary pattern
MDPI and ACS Style

Maestre, A.; Sospedra, I.; Martínez-Sanz, J.M.; Gutierrez-Hervas, A.; Fernández-Saez, J.; Hurtado-Sánchez, J.A.; Norte, A. Assessment of Spanish Food Consumption Patterns during COVID-19 Home Confinement. Nutrients 2021, 13, 4122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13114122

AMA Style

Maestre A, Sospedra I, Martínez-Sanz JM, Gutierrez-Hervas A, Fernández-Saez J, Hurtado-Sánchez JA, Norte A. Assessment of Spanish Food Consumption Patterns during COVID-19 Home Confinement. Nutrients. 2021; 13(11):4122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13114122

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maestre, Ana, Isabel Sospedra, José M. Martínez-Sanz, Ana Gutierrez-Hervas, José Fernández-Saez, José A. Hurtado-Sánchez, and Aurora Norte. 2021. "Assessment of Spanish Food Consumption Patterns during COVID-19 Home Confinement" Nutrients 13, no. 11: 4122. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13114122

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