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Article

The Outcome of COVID-19 Lockdown on Changes in Body Mass Index and Lifestyle among Croatian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Health Ecology, Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko-Goranska County, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
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Department of School and University Medicine, Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko-Goranska County, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
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Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Clinical Hospital Centre Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
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Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
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Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Merkur University Hospital, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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School of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Health Studies, University of Zadar, 23000 Zadar, Croatia
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Department of Health Ecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Evelyn Parr and Jose Lara
Nutrients 2021, 13(11), 3788; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113788
Received: 20 September 2021 / Revised: 21 October 2021 / Accepted: 24 October 2021 / Published: 26 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Nutrition in COVID-19)
Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic altered adults’ and children’s lifestyles and habits, causing an increase in body weight. Adolescents are sensitive to habit changes and, because of their insufficient capacity to deal with the unexpected COVID-19 changes, were at greater risk of noncommunicable disease development due to the consequences of adopting unhealthy habits. The survey aimed to reveal the changes in nutritional status and lifestyle habits of school children in Croatia and to assess their nutrition knowledge and emotional state and feelings about COVID-19 lockdown. Self-reported data from 1370 school children aged 10 to 15 years were obtained to examine the influence of the lockdown on their nutritional status, lifestyle and emotional status, and to assess their nutrition knowledge. The study revealed that the COVID-19 lockdown has caused an increase in the proportion of overweight and obesity among Croatian school children who changed their lifestyle habits towards being less physically active, spending more time using screen-based media and revealing potential psychological distress. However, the schoolchildren had a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet assessed with the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents KIDMED index and had good nutrition knowledge. Public health programs promoting a healthy lifestyle and involving the whole family, in a school environment, could provide children with a healthy adulthood. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; COVID-19 pandemic; dietary habits; lifestyle; obesity; physical activity; screen time children; COVID-19 pandemic; dietary habits; lifestyle; obesity; physical activity; screen time
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kenđel Jovanović, G.; Dragaš Zubalj, N.; Klobučar Majanović, S.; Rahelić, D.; Rahelić, V.; Vučak Lončar, J.; Pavičić Žeželj, S. The Outcome of COVID-19 Lockdown on Changes in Body Mass Index and Lifestyle among Croatian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3788. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113788

AMA Style

Kenđel Jovanović G, Dragaš Zubalj N, Klobučar Majanović S, Rahelić D, Rahelić V, Vučak Lončar J, Pavičić Žeželj S. The Outcome of COVID-19 Lockdown on Changes in Body Mass Index and Lifestyle among Croatian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(11):3788. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113788

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kenđel Jovanović, Gordana, Nataša Dragaš Zubalj, Sanja Klobučar Majanović, Dario Rahelić, Valentina Rahelić, Jelena Vučak Lončar, and Sandra Pavičić Žeželj. 2021. "The Outcome of COVID-19 Lockdown on Changes in Body Mass Index and Lifestyle among Croatian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study" Nutrients 13, no. 11: 3788. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113788

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