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Article

Association between Dietary Patterns and Kidney Function Parameters in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study

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School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
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Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH., Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
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Department of Information Management, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-Te Road, Peitou District, Taipei 11219, Taiwan
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Master Program in Global Health and Development, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
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Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Tamkang University, 151 Yingzhuan Road, Tamsui District, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan
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Joint Commission of Taiwan, 5F, 31, Section 2, Sanmin Road, Banqiao District, New Taipei City 22069, Taiwan
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Nutrition Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, 252 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2021, 13(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010040
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 22 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Diet in Metabolic Syndrome)
This study explored the association between dietary patterns and kidney function parameters in adults with metabolic syndrome in Taiwan. This cross-sectional study was undertaken in 56,476 adults from the health screening centers in Taiwan from 2001 to 2010. Dietary intake and dietary patterns were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and principal component analysis, respectively. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and uric acid were measured as clinical parameters of kidney function. Multivariate linear regression was conducted to explore the relationship between dietary patterns and kidney function parameters. After adjusting for confounders, the highest tertiles of the processed food–sweets dietary pattern and the meat–seafood–eggs dietary pattern were associated with increased BUN, creatinine, and uric acid but decreased eGFR (all adjusted p < 0.05). Meanwhile, the highest tertiles of the veggie–fruit–grains dietary pattern and the milk–dairy dietary pattern were associated with decreased BUN, creatinine, and uric acid but increased eGFR (all adjusted p < 0.05). A processed food–sweets dietary pattern or a meat–seafood–eggs dietary pattern is associated with worse kidney function parameters in adults with metabolic syndrome. In contrast, a veggie–fruit–grains dietary pattern or a milk–dairy dietary pattern is associated with better kidney function parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; kidney function; metabolic syndrome; cross-sectional study; Taiwan dietary patterns; kidney function; metabolic syndrome; cross-sectional study; Taiwan
MDPI and ACS Style

Syauqy, A.; Hsu, C.-Y.; Lee, H.-A.; Rau, H.-H.; Chao, J.C.-J. Association between Dietary Patterns and Kidney Function Parameters in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010040

AMA Style

Syauqy A, Hsu C-Y, Lee H-A, Rau H-H, Chao JC-J. Association between Dietary Patterns and Kidney Function Parameters in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(1):40. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Syauqy, Ahmad, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiu-An Lee, Hsiao-Hsien Rau, and Jane C.-J. Chao 2021. "Association between Dietary Patterns and Kidney Function Parameters in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study" Nutrients 13, no. 1: 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010040

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