Next Article in Journal
Longitudinal Observation of Muscle Mass over 10 Years According to Serum Calcium Levels and Calcium Intake among Korean Adults Aged 50 and Older: The Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effects of a 12-Month Weight Loss Intervention on Cognitive Outcomes in Adults with Overweight and Obesity
Previous Article in Journal
Oxidative Stress in Rats is Modulated by Seasonal Consumption of Sweet Cherries from Different Geographical Origins: Local vs. Non-Local
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nutritional Intervention to Prevent the Functional Decline in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review
Open AccessArticle

Nutritional Status Is Associated with Function, Physical Performance and Falls in Older Adults Admitted to Geriatric Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Cohort Study

1
Department of Physiology, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain
2
Geriatric Department, Igurco Servicios Socio Sanitarios, Grupo IMQ, 48011 Bilbao, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2855; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092855
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 16 September 2020 / Published: 18 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Physical Activity and Diet in Human Health during Aging)
Nutritional status is relevant to functional recovery in patients after an acute process requiring rehabilitation. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of malnutrition on geriatric rehabilitation. This study aimed to determine the association between nutritional status at admission and the evolution of functional and physical outcomes, as well as the capability of nutritional status to identify fallers among patients admitted to geriatric rehabilitation for different reasons. This was a retrospective cohort study of 375 patients. Data collected included age, gender, diagnosis at admission, comorbidities, cognitive and nutritional status, functional and physical measurements, length of stay, mortality and falls. Orthogeriatric patients with worse nutritional status according to the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) had a significantly lower Barthel Index at admission and discharge with worse functional gain and poorer outcomes in the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). However, in hospital-deconditioned patients, the MNA-SF score was not significantly associated with functional and physical recovery. Poor nutritional status at admission increased the risk of experiencing at least one fall during rehabilitation in orthogeriatric patients. However, hospital-deconditioned patients who fell had better SPPB scores than those who did not fall. Our results demonstrate the importance of nutritional status in the clinical evolution of orthogeriatric patients throughout the rehabilitation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional status; geriatric rehabilitation; functional status; physical performance; fallers nutritional status; geriatric rehabilitation; functional status; physical performance; fallers
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Urquiza, M.; Fernandez, N.; Arrinda, I.; Sierra, I.; Irazusta, J.; Rodriguez Larrad, A. Nutritional Status Is Associated with Function, Physical Performance and Falls in Older Adults Admitted to Geriatric Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2855.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop