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Review

The Role of Specific Components of a Plant-Based Diet in Management of Dyslipidemia and the Impact on Cardiovascular Risk

1
Trautwein Consulting, 58097 Hagen, Germany
2
Upfield Research & Development, 3071 JL Rotterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2671; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092671
Received: 4 August 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 1 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diets, Foods and Food Components Effect on Dyslipidemia)
Convincing evidence supports the intake of specific food components, food groups, or whole dietary patterns to positively influence dyslipidemia and to lower risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Specific macro- and micro-components of a predominantly plant-based dietary pattern are vegetable fats, dietary fibers, and phytonutrients such as phytosterols. This review summarizes the current knowledge regarding effects of these components on lowering blood lipids, i.e., low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and on reducing CVD risk. The beneficial role of a plant-based diet on cardiovascular (CV) health has increasingly been recognized. Plant-based dietary patterns include a Mediterranean and Nordic diet pattern, the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH), and Portfolio diet, as well as vegetarian- or vegan-type diet patterns. These diets have all been found to lower CVD-related risk factors like blood LDL-C, and observational study evidence supports their role in lowering CVD risk. These diet patterns are not only beneficial for dyslipidemia management and prevention of CVD but further contribute to reducing the impact of food choices on environmental degradation. Hence, the CV health benefits of a predominantly plant-based diet as a healthy and environmentally sustainable eating pattern are today recommended by many food-based dietary as well as clinical practice guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: review; CVD; dyslipidemia; cardiovascular health; dietary fats; dietary fiber; phytosterols; plant-based diet; dietary pattern; sustainability review; CVD; dyslipidemia; cardiovascular health; dietary fats; dietary fiber; phytosterols; plant-based diet; dietary pattern; sustainability
MDPI and ACS Style

Trautwein, E.A.; McKay, S. The Role of Specific Components of a Plant-Based Diet in Management of Dyslipidemia and the Impact on Cardiovascular Risk. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2671. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092671

AMA Style

Trautwein EA, McKay S. The Role of Specific Components of a Plant-Based Diet in Management of Dyslipidemia and the Impact on Cardiovascular Risk. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2671. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092671

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trautwein, Elke A., and Sue McKay. 2020. "The Role of Specific Components of a Plant-Based Diet in Management of Dyslipidemia and the Impact on Cardiovascular Risk" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2671. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092671

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