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Potential of Chlorella as a Dietary Supplement to Promote Human Health

1
Department of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
2
Sun Chlorella Corporation, Kyoto 600-8177, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2524; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092524
Received: 26 May 2020 / Revised: 4 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 20 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research in Dietary Supplements and Healthy Foods)
Chlorella is a green unicellular alga that is commercially produced and distributed worldwide as a dietary supplement. Chlorella products contain numerous nutrients and vitamins, including D and B12, that are absent in plant-derived food sources. Chlorella contains larger amounts of folate and iron than other plant-derived foods. Chlorella supplementation to mammals, including humans, has been reported to exhibit various pharmacological activities, including immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and antihyperlipidemic activities. Meta-analysis on the effects of Chlorella supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors have suggested that it improves total cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose levels but not triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. These beneficial effects of Chlorella might be due to synergism between multiple nutrient and antioxidant compounds. However, information regarding the bioactive compounds in Chlorella is limited. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidants; Chlorella; dietary fibers; dietary supplements; folate; lutein; vitamin B12; vitamin D2 antioxidants; Chlorella; dietary fibers; dietary supplements; folate; lutein; vitamin B12; vitamin D2
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Bito, T.; Okumura, E.; Fujishima, M.; Watanabe, F. Potential of Chlorella as a Dietary Supplement to Promote Human Health. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2524.

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