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Open AccessArticle

Estimated Intakes of Nutrients and Polyphenols in Participants Completing the MaPLE Randomised Controlled Trial and Its Relevance for the Future Development of Dietary Guidelines for the Older Subjects

1
Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
Biomarkers and Nutrimetabolomics Laboratory, Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Gastronomy, XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
3
CIBER de Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludable (CIBERfes), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Programme, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), 08908 L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain
5
Geriatria, Accettazione Geriatrica e Centro di ricerca per l’invecchiamento, IRCCS INRCA, 60127 Ancona, Italy
6
Quadram Institute Bioscience, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributed as first author.
Nutrients 2020, 12(8), 2458; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082458
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 13 August 2020 / Published: 15 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Polyphenols and Human Health)
The evaluation of food intake in older subjects is crucial in order to be able to verify adherence to nutritional recommendations. In this context, estimation of the intake of specific dietary bioactives, such as polyphenols, although particularly challenging, is necessary to plan possible intervention strategies to increase their intake. The aims of the present study were to: (i) evaluate the nutritional composition of dietary menus provided in a residential care setting; (ii) estimate the actual intake of nutrients and polyphenols in a group of older subjects participating in the MaPLE study; and (iii) investigate the impact of an eight-week polyphenol-rich dietary pattern, compared to an eight-week control diet, on overall nutrient and polyphenol intake in older participants. The menus served to the participants provided ~770 mg per day of total polyphenols on average with small variations between seasons. The analysis of real consumption, measured using weighed food diaries, demonstrated a lower nutrient (~20%) and polyphenol intake (~15%) compared to that provided by the menus. The feasibility of dietary patterns that enable an increase in polyphenol intake with putative health benefits for age-related conditions is discussed, with a perspective to developing dietary guidelines for this target population. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing home; residential care; aging; menu; flavonoids; phenolic acids nursing home; residential care; aging; menu; flavonoids; phenolic acids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martini, D.; Bernardi, S.; Del Bo’, C.; Hidalgo Liberona, N.; Zamora-Ros, R.; Tucci, M.; Cherubini, A.; Porrini, M.; Gargari, G.; González-Domínguez, R.; Peron, G.; Kirkup, B.; Kroon, P.A.; Andres-Lacueva, C.; Guglielmetti, S.; Riso, P. Estimated Intakes of Nutrients and Polyphenols in Participants Completing the MaPLE Randomised Controlled Trial and Its Relevance for the Future Development of Dietary Guidelines for the Older Subjects. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2458. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082458

AMA Style

Martini D, Bernardi S, Del Bo’ C, Hidalgo Liberona N, Zamora-Ros R, Tucci M, Cherubini A, Porrini M, Gargari G, González-Domínguez R, Peron G, Kirkup B, Kroon PA, Andres-Lacueva C, Guglielmetti S, Riso P. Estimated Intakes of Nutrients and Polyphenols in Participants Completing the MaPLE Randomised Controlled Trial and Its Relevance for the Future Development of Dietary Guidelines for the Older Subjects. Nutrients. 2020; 12(8):2458. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082458

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martini, Daniela; Bernardi, Stefano; Del Bo’, Cristian; Hidalgo Liberona, Nicole; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Tucci, Massimiliano; Cherubini, Antonio; Porrini, Marisa; Gargari, Giorgio; González-Domínguez, Raúl; Peron, Gregorio; Kirkup, Benjamin; Kroon, Paul A.; Andres-Lacueva, Cristina; Guglielmetti, Simone; Riso, Patrizia. 2020. "Estimated Intakes of Nutrients and Polyphenols in Participants Completing the MaPLE Randomised Controlled Trial and Its Relevance for the Future Development of Dietary Guidelines for the Older Subjects" Nutrients 12, no. 8: 2458. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082458

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