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Changes of Physical Activity and Ultra-Processed Food Consumption in Adolescents from Different Countries during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study

1
Laboratory of Epigenetics of Lipid Metabolism, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies (IMDEA)–Food, CEI UAM + CSIC, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-902, Brazil
3
Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-902, Brazil
4
Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova, I-35100 Padua, Italy
5
Centro Vida Saludable, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, BíoBío, Chile
6
Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
7
Research Group in Innovation and Agricultural and Agroindustrial Development, University of Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias 48-152, Colombia
8
Departamento de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
9
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro 21041-210, Brazil
10
Facultad de Medicina, University of Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias 29-5050, Colombia
11
Ciber de la Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28049 Madrid, Spain
12
Department of Nutrition and Physiology, Center for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, IDISNA Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
13
Cardiometabolic Nutrition Group, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies Food (IMDEA Food), CEI UAM + CSIC, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the paper and should be considered as co-first authors.
Nutrients 2020, 12(8), 2289; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082289
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 27 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition within and beyond Corona Virus)
Aim: to describe physical activity and ultra-processed foods consumption, their changes and sociodemographic predictors among adolescents from countries in Europe (Italy and Spain) and Latin America (Brazil, Chile, and Colombia) during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic period. Methods: Cross-sectional study via web survey. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and weekly ultra-processed food consumption data were used. To compare the frequencies of physical activity status with sociodemographic variables, a multinomial logistic and a multiple logistic regression for habitual ultra-processed foods was performed. In final models, p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Sample of 726 adolescents, mostly females (59.6%) aged 16–19 years old (54.3%). Adolescents from Latin America presented odds ratio (OR) 2.98 (CI 95% 1.80–4.94) of being inactive and those whose mothers had higher level of education were less active during lockdown [OR 0.40 (CI 95% 0.20–0.84)]. The habitual ultra-processed consumption was also high during this period in all countries, and more prevalent in Latin America. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of inactivity was observed in this population, but reductions of physical activity and habitual ultra-processed consumption during the pandemic were more pronounced in Latin America. Our findings reinforce the importance of promoting a healthy lifestyle, i.e., exercise and diet, during periods of social isolation. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; physical activity; Covid-19 pandemic; e-survey; Google Forms adolescent; physical activity; Covid-19 pandemic; e-survey; Google Forms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruíz-Roso, M.B.; de Carvalho Padilha, P.; Matilla-Escalante, D.C.; Brun, P.; Ulloa, N.; Acevedo-Correa, D.; Arantes Ferreira Peres, W.; Martorell, M.; Rangel Bousquet Carrilho, T.; de Oliveira Cardoso, L.; Carrasco-Marín, F.; Paternina-Sierra, K.; Lopez de las Hazas, M.-C.; Rodriguez-Meza, J.E.; Villalba-Montero, L.F.; Bernabè, G.; Pauletto, A.; Taci, X.; Cárcamo-Regla, R.; Martínez, J.A.; Dávalos, A. Changes of Physical Activity and Ultra-Processed Food Consumption in Adolescents from Different Countries during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2289. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082289

AMA Style

Ruíz-Roso MB, de Carvalho Padilha P, Matilla-Escalante DC, Brun P, Ulloa N, Acevedo-Correa D, Arantes Ferreira Peres W, Martorell M, Rangel Bousquet Carrilho T, de Oliveira Cardoso L, Carrasco-Marín F, Paternina-Sierra K, Lopez de las Hazas M-C, Rodriguez-Meza JE, Villalba-Montero LF, Bernabè G, Pauletto A, Taci X, Cárcamo-Regla R, Martínez JA, Dávalos A. Changes of Physical Activity and Ultra-Processed Food Consumption in Adolescents from Different Countries during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(8):2289. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082289

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruíz-Roso, María B.; de Carvalho Padilha, Patricia; Matilla-Escalante, Diana C.; Brun, Paola; Ulloa, Natalia; Acevedo-Correa, Diofanor; Arantes Ferreira Peres, Wilza; Martorell, Miquel; Rangel Bousquet Carrilho, Thais; de Oliveira Cardoso, Letícia; Carrasco-Marín, Fernanda; Paternina-Sierra, Katherine; Lopez de las Hazas, María-Carmen; Rodriguez-Meza, Jhon E.; Villalba-Montero, Luisa F.; Bernabè, Giulia; Pauletto, Anthony; Taci, Xhoajda; Cárcamo-Regla, Richar; Martínez, J. A.; Dávalos, Alberto. 2020. "Changes of Physical Activity and Ultra-Processed Food Consumption in Adolescents from Different Countries during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study" Nutrients 12, no. 8: 2289. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082289

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