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Article

Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Body Weight Gain, Lipid Profiles, and Atherogenic Indices in Cafeteria-Diet-Fed Rats: Role of Browning of Inguinal White Adipose Tissue

1
Department of Pharmacology, Biohealth Institute and Neuroscience Institute, School of Medicine, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Team of Cellular and Molecular Physiopathology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, El Alia, 16011 Algiers, Algeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(8), 2185; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082185
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 15 July 2020 / Accepted: 21 July 2020 / Published: 23 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Brain and Food Motivation, Choice, and Eating Behavior)
Time-restricted feeding (TRF) showed a potent effect in preventing obesity and improving metabolicoutcomes in several animal models of obesity. However, there is, as of yet, scarce evidence concerning its effectiveness against obesogenic challenges that more accurately mimic human Western diets, such as the cafeteria diet. Moreover, the mechanism for its efficacy is poorly understood. White adipose browning has been linked to body weight loss. Herein, we tested whether TRF has the potential to induce browning of inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT) and to attenuate obesity and associated dyslipidemia in a cafeteria-diet-induced obesity model. Male Wistar rats were fed normal laboratory chow (NC) or cafeteria diet (CAF) for 16 weeks and were subdivided into two groups that were subjected to either ad libitum (ad lib, A) or TRF (R) for 8 h per day. Rats under the TRF regimen had a lower body weight gain and adiposity than the diet-matchedad lib rats, despite equivalent levels of food intake and locomotor activity. In addition, TRF improved the deranged lipid profile (total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-c)) and atherogenic indices (atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), atherogenic coefficient (AC), coronary risk index (CRI) in CAF-fed rats. Remarkably, TRF resulted in decreased size of adipocytes and induced emergence of multilocular brown-like adipocytes in iWAT of NC- and CAF-fed rats. Protein expression of browning markers, such as uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC1α), were also up-regulated in the iWAToftime-restricted NC- or CAF-fed rats. These findings suggest that a TRF regimen is an effective strategy to improve CAF diet-induced obesity, probably via a mechanismthe involving WAT browning process. View Full-Text
Keywords: time-restricted feeding; cafeteria diet; obesity; lipid profiles; atherogenic indices; white adipose tissue browning time-restricted feeding; cafeteria diet; obesity; lipid profiles; atherogenic indices; white adipose tissue browning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aouichat, S.; Chayah, M.; Bouguerra-Aouichat, S.; Agil, A. Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Body Weight Gain, Lipid Profiles, and Atherogenic Indices in Cafeteria-Diet-Fed Rats: Role of Browning of Inguinal White Adipose Tissue. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2185. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082185

AMA Style

Aouichat S, Chayah M, Bouguerra-Aouichat S, Agil A. Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Body Weight Gain, Lipid Profiles, and Atherogenic Indices in Cafeteria-Diet-Fed Rats: Role of Browning of Inguinal White Adipose Tissue. Nutrients. 2020; 12(8):2185. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aouichat, Samira, Meriem Chayah, Souhila Bouguerra-Aouichat, and Ahmad Agil. 2020. "Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Body Weight Gain, Lipid Profiles, and Atherogenic Indices in Cafeteria-Diet-Fed Rats: Role of Browning of Inguinal White Adipose Tissue" Nutrients 12, no. 8: 2185. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082185

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