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Open AccessArticle

Lifestyle Changes Observed among Adults Participating in a Family- and Community-Based Intervention for Diabetes Prevention in Europe: The 1st Year Results of the Feel4Diabetes-Study

1
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, 17671 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
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Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
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Department of Paediatrics, Medical University Varna, 9010 Varna, Bulgaria
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Department of Diabetology, Clinical Center of Endocrinology, Medical University Sofia, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Department of Family and Occupational Medicine, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Instituto Investigacion Sanitaria Aragon (IISA), CIBERCV, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
8
Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development Research Group, School of Health Science (EUCS), University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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First Department of Propaedeutic Medicine, Medical School, Laiko General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
10
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Physical Education, Sport Science and Dietetics, University of Thessaly, 42132 Trikala, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1949; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071949
Received: 24 May 2020 / Revised: 17 June 2020 / Accepted: 28 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
The Feel4Diabetes intervention was a school and community-based intervention aiming to promote healthy lifestyle and tackle obesity and obesity-related metabolic risk factors for the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among families at risk of developing this disease. The current study aims to present the results on lifestyle behaviors obtained from parents during the first year of the Feel4Diabetes intervention. This multicomponent intervention had a cluster randomized design and was implemented in Belgium, Bulgaria, Finland, Greece, Hungary and Spain over two years (2016–2018). Standardized protocols and procedures were used by the participating centers in all countries to collect data on parents’ lifestyle behaviors (diet, physical activity, sedentary behavior). The Feel4Diabetes intervention was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (registration number: NCT02393872). In total, 2110 high-risk parents participated in the baseline and 12-month follow-up examination measurements. Participants allocated to the intervention group reduced their daily consumption of sugary drinks (p = 0.037) and sweets (p = 0.031) and their daily screen time (p = 0.032), compared with the control group. In addition, participants in the intervention group in Greece and Spain increased their consumption of breakfast (p = 0.034) and fruits (p = 0.029), while in Belgium and Finland they increased their water intake (p = 0.024). These findings indicate that the first year of the Feel4Diabetes intervention resulted in the improvement of certain lifestyle behaviors in parents from high-risk families. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; type 2 diabetes; vulnerable; families; lifestyle intervention obesity; type 2 diabetes; vulnerable; families; lifestyle intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Manios, Y.; Lambrinou, C.-P.; Mavrogianni, C.; Cardon, G.; Lindström, J.; Iotova, V.; Tankova, T.; Rurik, I.; Van Stappen, V.; Kivelä, J.; Mateo-Gallego, R.; Moreno, L.A.; Makrilakis, K.; Androutsos, O., on behalf of the Feel4Diabetes-study group; Lifestyle Changes Observed among Adults Participating in a Family- and Community-Based Intervention for Diabetes Prevention in Europe: The 1st Year Results of the Feel4Diabetes-Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1949.

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