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Caffeine-Containing, Adaptogenic-Rich Drink Modulates the Effects of Caffeine on Mental Performance and Cognitive Parameters: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial

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Department of Physical Therapy, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA
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Department of Mathematics, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA
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Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA
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Isagenix International, LLC, Gilbert, AZ 85297, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1922; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071922
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
Using a placebo-controlled, double-blinded, within-participants, randomized, cross-over design, we examined the neurocognitive effects of a: (a) caffeine-containing, adaptogenic herbal-rich natural energy shot (e+ shot), (b) a matched caffeine-containing shot (caffeine), and, (c) a placebo. Participants (n = 30) were low consumers of caffeine without elevated feelings of energy. Before and three times after beverage consumption, a 27-min battery was used to assess motivation to perform cognitive tasks, mood, attention ((serial subtractions of 3 (SS3) and 7 (SS7), the continuous performance task (CPT), and the rapid visual input processing tasks)), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and motor coordination (nine-hole peg test) with a 10-min break between each post-consumption battery. The procedure was repeated for each beverage for each participant at least 48 h apart and within 30 min the same time of day using a random group assignment with blinding of researchers and subjects. To evaluate for changes in outcomes, a Treatment × Time analysis of covariance controlling for hours of prior night’s sleep was used. Analysis of all outcomes and all treatment comparisons indicated that compared to placebo, both e+ shot ( Δ ¯   = 2.60; η2 = 0.098) and caffeine ( Δ ¯   = 5.30, η2 = 0.098) increased systolic BP 30 min post consumption (still within normal healthy ranges). The caffeine beverage also led to an improvement in most cognitive measures and moods 30-min post-consumption with improvements tapering at 69 and 108 min, while e+ shot noted more steady improvements with no significant differences between beverages on most cognitive and mood measures at 69 and 108 min. However, compared to caffeine, e+shots noted a significant decrease in reaction time at 108 min, while caffeine noted a small change in the opposite direction. No side-effects were reported by any intervention. These results suggest that the specific blend of adaptogens in e+ shot may modulate the neurocognitive effects of caffeine on mood, and cognition. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptogens; caffeine; cognition; energy; fatigue; mood adaptogens; caffeine; cognition; energy; fatigue; mood
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boolani, A.; Fuller, D.T.; Mondal, S.; Wilkinson, T.; Darie, C.C.; Gumpricht, E. Caffeine-Containing, Adaptogenic-Rich Drink Modulates the Effects of Caffeine on Mental Performance and Cognitive Parameters: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1922. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071922

AMA Style

Boolani A, Fuller DT, Mondal S, Wilkinson T, Darie CC, Gumpricht E. Caffeine-Containing, Adaptogenic-Rich Drink Modulates the Effects of Caffeine on Mental Performance and Cognitive Parameters: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):1922. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071922

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boolani, Ali, Daniel T. Fuller, Sumona Mondal, Tyler Wilkinson, Costel C. Darie, and Eric Gumpricht. 2020. "Caffeine-Containing, Adaptogenic-Rich Drink Modulates the Effects of Caffeine on Mental Performance and Cognitive Parameters: A Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 1922. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071922

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