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Open AccessArticle

Research Implications for Future Telemedicine Studies and Innovations in Diabetes and Hypertension—A Mixed Methods Study

by 1,*,† and 2,*,†
1
Department for Prevention and Care of Diabetes, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany
2
Research Association Public Health Saxony/Center for Evidence-Based Healthcare, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1340; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051340
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 1 May 2020 / Accepted: 6 May 2020 / Published: 8 May 2020
(1) Background: The objective of this study was to identify, categorize and prioritize current implications for future research in the use telemedicine for diabetes and hypertension in order to inform policy and practice decisions. (2) Methods: An iterative mixed methods design was followed, including three consecutive steps: An updated umbrella review of telemedicine effectiveness, qualitative content analysis of extracted data on current research needs and a quantitative survey with practitioners and health care researchers in order to prioritize the identified needs. (3) Results: Overall, 32 included records reported on future research implications. Qualitative content analysis yielded five categories as well as subcategories, covering a need for high quality studies, comprehensive technology assessments, in-depth considerations of patients’ characteristics, ethics and safety as well as implementation strategies. The online survey revealed that the most pressing future research needs are data security, patient safety, patient satisfaction, implementation strategies and longer follow-ups. Chi² statistics and t-tests revealed significant differences in the priorities of participants with and without experience in telemedicine use, evaluation and development. A factor analysis revealed six over-arching factors. (4) Conclusion: These results may help learning from mistakes previously made and may serve as key topics of a future telemedicine research agenda. View Full-Text
Keywords: telemedicine; diabetes; hypertension; research needs; mixed method; qualitative content analysis; factor analysis; joint display telemedicine; diabetes; hypertension; research needs; mixed method; qualitative content analysis; factor analysis; joint display
MDPI and ACS Style

Timpel, P.; Harst, L. Research Implications for Future Telemedicine Studies and Innovations in Diabetes and Hypertension—A Mixed Methods Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1340. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051340

AMA Style

Timpel P, Harst L. Research Implications for Future Telemedicine Studies and Innovations in Diabetes and Hypertension—A Mixed Methods Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(5):1340. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051340

Chicago/Turabian Style

Timpel, Patrick; Harst, Lorenz. 2020. "Research Implications for Future Telemedicine Studies and Innovations in Diabetes and Hypertension—A Mixed Methods Study" Nutrients 12, no. 5: 1340. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051340

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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