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The Effects of Ethanol on the Heart: Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
 
 
Review

The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Is There New Information?

by 1,2,†, 1,† and 1,3,*
1
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica August Pi iSunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
2
El Pino Hospital, Avenida Padre Hurtado 13560, San Bernardo, Santiago de Chile, Chile
3
CIBER 06/03: Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributing first authors.
Nutrients 2020, 12(4), 912; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040912
Received: 25 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 26 March 2020 / Published: 27 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcoholic Beverages and Human Health)
The effects of alcohol on cardiovascular health are heterogeneous and vary according to consumption dose and pattern. These effects have classically been described as having a J-shaped curve, in which low-to-moderate consumption is associated with less risk than lifetime abstention, and heavy drinkers show the highest risk. Nonetheless, the beneficial effects of alcohol have been questioned due to the difficulties in establishing a safe drinking threshold. This review focuses on the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular risk factors and the underlying mechanisms of damage, with review of the literature from the last 10 years. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; cardiovascular health; inflammation; cardiovascular risk factors; hypertension; oxidative stress; dyslipidemia; type 2 diabetes alcohol; cardiovascular health; inflammation; cardiovascular risk factors; hypertension; oxidative stress; dyslipidemia; type 2 diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Minzer, S.; Losno, R.A.; Casas, R. The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Is There New Information? Nutrients 2020, 12, 912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040912

AMA Style

Minzer S, Losno RA, Casas R. The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Is There New Information? Nutrients. 2020; 12(4):912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040912

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minzer, Simona, Ricardo Arturo Losno, and Rosa Casas. 2020. "The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Is There New Information?" Nutrients 12, no. 4: 912. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040912

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