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The Effects of Ethanol on the Heart: Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
Open AccessReview

The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Is There New Information?

by Simona Minzer 1,2,†, Ricardo Arturo Losno 1,† and Rosa Casas 1,3,*
1
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica August Pi iSunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
2
El Pino Hospital, Avenida Padre Hurtado 13560, San Bernardo, Santiago de Chile, Chile
3
CIBER 06/03: Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributing first authors.
Nutrients 2020, 12(4), 912; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040912 (registering DOI)
Received: 25 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 26 March 2020 / Published: 27 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcoholic Beverages and Human Health)
The effects of alcohol on cardiovascular health are heterogeneous and vary according to consumption dose and pattern. These effects have classically been described as having a J-shaped curve, in which low-to-moderate consumption is associated with less risk than lifetime abstention, and heavy drinkers show the highest risk. Nonetheless, the beneficial effects of alcohol have been questioned due to the difficulties in establishing a safe drinking threshold. This review focuses on the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular risk factors and the underlying mechanisms of damage, with review of the literature from the last 10 years. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; cardiovascular health; inflammation; cardiovascular risk factors; hypertension; oxidative stress; dyslipidemia; type 2 diabetes alcohol; cardiovascular health; inflammation; cardiovascular risk factors; hypertension; oxidative stress; dyslipidemia; type 2 diabetes
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Minzer, S.; Losno, R.A.; Casas, R. The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Is There New Information? Nutrients 2020, 12, 912.

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