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Review

Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intakes of Children and Adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Call for Policy Action

1
World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO), Cairo 7608, Egypt
2
Nutrition and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 11-0236, Lebanon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3345; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113345
Received: 8 October 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 29 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Obesity and Nutrition Promotion Intervention)
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has witnessed significant social and economic changes that may have influenced the diet of children and adolescents, and increased the risk for obesity and malnutrition in this age group. This review aims to characterize and assess food consumption patterns and nutrient intakes amongst school-aged children (5–10 years) and adolescents (10–19 years) in countries of the EMR. Electronic databases (MedLine, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar) were searched for relevant articles published between 2005 and 2020; international organizations and governmental websites were also searched. Available studies documented low intakes of fruits, vegetables and fiber, inadequate consumption of water, milk and dairy products, coupled with high intakes of fat, saturated fat, and sugar sweetened beverages, as well as a frequent consumption of energy-dense, nutrient poor foods such as sweet and savory snacks. Micronutrient inadequacies were also observed, particularly for calcium, iron, zinc and vitamins A, D, C, and folate. Acknowledging the impact that nutrition may have on building societies and transforming the lives of children, adolescents and their families, there is a crucial need for a food system approach in developing and implementing national and regional policies and interventions aimed at improving the diet of children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: food consumption patterns; dietary intakes; macronutrients; micronutrients; children; adolescents; Eastern Mediterranean Region; review food consumption patterns; dietary intakes; macronutrients; micronutrients; children; adolescents; Eastern Mediterranean Region; review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Jawaldeh, A.; Taktouk, M.; Nasreddine, L. Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intakes of Children and Adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Call for Policy Action. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113345

AMA Style

Al-Jawaldeh A, Taktouk M, Nasreddine L. Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intakes of Children and Adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Call for Policy Action. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113345

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Jawaldeh, Ayoub, Mandy Taktouk, and Lara Nasreddine. 2020. "Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intakes of Children and Adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Call for Policy Action" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3345. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113345

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