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Article

Influence of the Accumulation of Unhealthy Eating Habits on Obesity in a General Japanese Population: The Hisayama Study

1
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
2
Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
3
Center for Cohort Studies, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3160; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103160
Received: 24 September 2020 / Revised: 14 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
Few studies have examined the association between the accumulation of unhealthy eating habits and the likelihood of obesity or central obesity in a general Japanese population. We examined this association in a sample of 1906 community-dwelling Japanese subjects (age: 40–74 years) who participated in a health check-up in 2014. A face-to-face questionnaire interview was conducted to collect information about three unhealthy eating habits, i.e., snacking, eating quickly, and eating late-evening meals. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 and central obesity was defined as waist circumference ≥90 cm in men and ≥80 cm in women. The odds ratios (OR) were estimated by using a logistic regression analysis. Subjects with any one of the three eating habits had a significantly higher likelihood of obesity than those without that habit after adjusting for confounding factors. The multivariable-adjusted OR for obesity increased linearly with an increase in the number of accumulated unhealthy eating habits (p for trend < 0.001). Similar associations were observed for central obesity. Our findings suggest that modifying each unhealthy eating habit and avoiding an accumulation of multiple unhealthy eating habits might be important to reduce the likelihood of obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: unhealthy eating habits; accumulation; obesity; central obesity; general Japanese population unhealthy eating habits; accumulation; obesity; central obesity; general Japanese population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ishida, Y.; Yoshida, D.; Honda, T.; Hirakawa, Y.; Shibata, M.; Sakata, S.; Furuta, Y.; Oishi, E.; Hata, J.; Kitazono, T.; Ninomiya, T. Influence of the Accumulation of Unhealthy Eating Habits on Obesity in a General Japanese Population: The Hisayama Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3160. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103160

AMA Style

Ishida Y, Yoshida D, Honda T, Hirakawa Y, Shibata M, Sakata S, Furuta Y, Oishi E, Hata J, Kitazono T, Ninomiya T. Influence of the Accumulation of Unhealthy Eating Habits on Obesity in a General Japanese Population: The Hisayama Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3160. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ishida, Yuki, Daigo Yoshida, Takanori Honda, Yoichiro Hirakawa, Mao Shibata, Satoko Sakata, Yoshihiko Furuta, Emi Oishi, Jun Hata, Takanari Kitazono, and Toshiharu Ninomiya. 2020. "Influence of the Accumulation of Unhealthy Eating Habits on Obesity in a General Japanese Population: The Hisayama Study" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3160. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103160

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