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Review

Beverages in Rheumatoid Arthritis: What to Prefer or to Avoid

1
Institute of Life Course and Medical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK
2
Department of Rheumatology, Aintree Hospital, Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Lower Lane L9 7AL, UK
3
Research Laboratories and Academic Division of Clinical Rheumatology, Postgraduate School of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genova, IRCCS San Martino Polyclinic, 16126 Genoa, Italy
4
Centre for Rheumatic Diseases, King’s College London, London SE5 9RJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 3155; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103155
Received: 29 August 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet and Rheumatoid Arthritis)
Background: The role of nutrition in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), has gained increasing attention in recent years. A growing number of studies have focussed on the diverse nutritional contents of beverages, and their possible role in the development and progression of RA. Main body: We aimed to summarise the current knowledge on the role of a range of beverages in the context of RA. Beverages have a key role within the mosaic of autoimmunity in RA and potential to alter the microbiome, leading to downstream effects on inflammatory pathways. The molecular contents of beverages, including coffee, tea, and wine, have similarly been found to interfere with immune signalling pathways, some beneficial for disease progression and others less so. Finally, we consider beverages in the context of wider dietary patterns, and how this growing body of evidence may be harnessed by the multidisciplinary team in patient management. Conclusions: While there is increasing work focussing on the role of beverages in RA, integration of discussions around diet and lifestyle in our management of patients remains sparse. Nutrition in RA remains a controversial topic, but future studies, especially on the role of beverages, are likely to shed further light on this in coming years. View Full-Text
Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis; beverage; nutrition; microbiome rheumatoid arthritis; beverage; nutrition; microbiome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dey, M.; Cutolo, M.; Nikiphorou, E. Beverages in Rheumatoid Arthritis: What to Prefer or to Avoid. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3155. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103155

AMA Style

Dey M, Cutolo M, Nikiphorou E. Beverages in Rheumatoid Arthritis: What to Prefer or to Avoid. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):3155. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103155

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dey, Mrinalini, Maurizio Cutolo, and Elena Nikiphorou. 2020. "Beverages in Rheumatoid Arthritis: What to Prefer or to Avoid" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 3155. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103155

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