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Article

Dietary Fibres and the Management of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: The RESOLVE Study

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Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Université Laval, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Department of Kinesiology, Université Laval, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Preventive and Occupational Medicine, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Biostatistics, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), Université Clermont Auvergne, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Thermalia Center, 63140 Châtelguyon, France
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Laboratory of Cardiovascular Pharm-ecology (LaPEC EA4278), Université d’Avignon, 84000 Avignon, France
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Laboratory “Development, Adaption and Disability” (DevAH-EA 3450), Université de Lorraine, 54000 Nancy, France
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Department of Exercise Physiology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441, Iran
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Centre for Health and Exercise Science Research, Department of Sport, Physical Education and Health, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong 999077, Hong Kong
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Physical Institut, Universitaire de France, 75000 Paris, France
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Physiological and Psychosocial Stress, LaPSCo, CNRS, University Clermont Auvergne, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Witty Fit, 75000 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 2911; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102911
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Diet in Metabolic Syndrome)
Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the long-term maintenance of nutritional changes promoted during an intensive initial intervention to induce body weight loss. The ability of these changes to predict long-term health outcomes was also examined. Methods: Nutritional variables, body composition, and metabolic markers collected in the RESOLVE project were analyzed before and after a 3-week intensive diet–exercise intervention (Phase 1), and during a subsequent supervision under free living conditions, of 12 months (Phase 2). Results: As expected, the macronutrient composition of the diet was modified to promote a negative energy balance during Phase 1. The decrease in carbohydrates imposed during this phase was maintained during Phase 2 whereas the increase in protein intake returned to baseline values at the end of the program. Dietary fiber intake was almost doubled during Phase 1 and remained significantly greater than baseline values throughout Phase 2. Moreover, fiber intake was the only nutritional variable that systematically and significantly predicted variations of health outcomes in the study. Conclusion: The adequacy of dietary fiber intake should be a matter of primary consideration in diet-based weight reduction programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; exercise; body weight; macronutrient diet; exercise; body weight; macronutrient
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tremblay, A.; Clinchamps, M.; Pereira, B.; Courteix, D.; Lesourd, B.; Chapier, R.; Obert, P.; Vinet, A.; Walther, G.; Chaplais, E.; Bagheri, R.; Baker, J.S.; Thivel, D.; Drapeau, V.; Dutheil, F. Dietary Fibres and the Management of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: The RESOLVE Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2911. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102911

AMA Style

Tremblay A, Clinchamps M, Pereira B, Courteix D, Lesourd B, Chapier R, Obert P, Vinet A, Walther G, Chaplais E, Bagheri R, Baker JS, Thivel D, Drapeau V, Dutheil F. Dietary Fibres and the Management of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: The RESOLVE Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):2911. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102911

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tremblay, Angelo, Maëlys Clinchamps, Bruno Pereira, Daniel Courteix, Bruno Lesourd, Robert Chapier, Philippe Obert, Agnes Vinet, Guillaume Walther, Elodie Chaplais, Reza Bagheri, Julien S. Baker, David Thivel, Vicky Drapeau, and Frédéric Dutheil. 2020. "Dietary Fibres and the Management of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: The RESOLVE Study" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 2911. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102911

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