Next Article in Journal
Late Growth and Changes in Body Composition Influence Odds of Developing Retinopathy of Prematurity among Preterm Infants
Next Article in Special Issue
Dietary Silk Peptide Prevents High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity and Promotes Adipose Browning by Activating AMP-Activated Protein Kinase in Mice
Previous Article in Journal
Sea Buckthorn Oil as a Valuable Source of Bioaccessible Xanthophylls
Previous Article in Special Issue
Polarization of Macrophages in Human Adipose Tissue is Related to the Fatty Acid Spectrum in Membrane Phospholipids
Open AccessArticle

Association between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Fitness with Body Composition Parameters in 1717 European Adolescents: The AdolesHealth Study

1
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Seville (Research Lab HUM 962: Sports and Society), 41013 Sevilla, Spain
2
Department of Human Motricity and Sports Performance, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain
3
Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, 51005 Tartu, Estonia
4
Research Center for Sport and Health Science, School of Education, University of Iceland, 105 Reykjavík, Iceland
5
Faculty of Health Sciences of Universidad Isabel I, Universidad Isabel I, 09004 Burgos, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(1), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010077
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 16 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 27 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet, Nutrition and Abdominal Obesity)
Obesity, low levels of physical fitness, and unhealthy eating patterns are responsible for part of the health problems of adolescents today. The current study aimed at examining the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), through each answer to the items of the Adherence to the MD Questionnaire (KIDMED), and physical fitness with body composition parameters (body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat, and waist circumference) in 1717 European adolescents (N = 900 boys, N = 817 girls). Data of body composition, physical fitness results, and the answers to KIDMED were analyzed by the Student’s t-test. Additionally, the effect size (ES) was calculated and a Chi-square test analyzed the proportion of participants with and without over waist circumference, overfat, and overweight in each KIDMED question. The relative risk of suffering over waist circumference, overfat and overweight in relation to the responses was calculated by Odd-Ratio. Adherence to the MD did not influence the condition of over waist circumference, overfat and overweight, although certain dietary habits were identified as risk factors for their development. Over waist circumference, overfat, and overweight boys and girls presented higher levels of body mass, waist circumference, body fat percentage, and BMI (p < 0.001; ES = 1.73–3.38), as well as lower levels of all the parameters of the physical fitness analyzed (p < 0.001; ES = 0.45–1.08), except the handgrip test. A direct relationship between fitness and over waist circumference, overfat, and overweight was found. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical fitness; dietary patterns; risk and protective factors; Mediterranean diet; adolescents physical fitness; dietary patterns; risk and protective factors; Mediterranean diet; adolescents
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Galan-Lopez, P.; Sanchez-Oliver, A.J.; Pihu, M.; Gísladóttír, T.; Domínguez, R.; Ries, F. Association between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Fitness with Body Composition Parameters in 1717 European Adolescents: The AdolesHealth Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010077

AMA Style

Galan-Lopez P, Sanchez-Oliver AJ, Pihu M, Gísladóttír T, Domínguez R, Ries F. Association between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Fitness with Body Composition Parameters in 1717 European Adolescents: The AdolesHealth Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(1):77. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galan-Lopez, Pablo; Sanchez-Oliver, Antonio J.; Pihu, Maret; Gísladóttír, Thórdís; Domínguez, Raúl; Ries, Francis. 2020. "Association between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Fitness with Body Composition Parameters in 1717 European Adolescents: The AdolesHealth Study" Nutrients 12, no. 1: 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010077

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop