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Dietary Inflammatory Index and Non-Communicable Disease Risk: A Narrative Review
Open AccessArticle

Dietary Inflammatory Index and Risk of Breast Cancer Based on Hormone Receptor Status: A Case-Control Study in Korea

1
Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10408, Korea
2
Center for Breast Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10408, Korea
3
Department of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Those authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1949; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081949
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Inflammatory Indices in Human Health and Disease)
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women globally, and the risk of developing breast cancer is associated with inflammation. The present study aimed to examine the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and breast cancer in Korean women and investigate whether the tumor’s hormone receptor status affects this association. In this case-control study, we enrolled 364 breast cancer patients and 364 age-matched controls. DII scores were calculated from dietary intake evaluated by a 106-item food frequency questionnaire. The DII score was significantly higher in cases than in controls. After adjusting for potential confounders, the odds ratio (OR) of breast cancer was higher in the highest DII tertile (OR = 3.68, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.34–5.80, p for trend < 0.0001) than in the lowest tertile. We found that higher DII scores were related to an increased risk of breast cancer for estrogen receptor (ER)+/progesterone receptor (PR)+ tumors regardless of menopausal status (OR = 2.59, 95% CI: 1.37–4.88 in the highest DII category, p for trend = 0.01 for premenopausal women; OR = 11.00, 95% CI: 2.93–41.30 in the highest DII category, p for trend = 0.0004 for postmenopausal women), but not for ER−/PR− status. Our results suggested that the DII scores are positively associated with breast cancer risk in Korean women and that this relationship is more robust in ER+/PR+ tumors. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dietary Inflammatory Index; breast cancer; hormone receptor; Korea Dietary Inflammatory Index; breast cancer; hormone receptor; Korea
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Lee, S.; Quiambao, A.L.; Lee, J.; Ro, J.; Lee, E.-S.; Jung, S.-Y.; Sung, M.-K.; Kim, J. Dietary Inflammatory Index and Risk of Breast Cancer Based on Hormone Receptor Status: A Case-Control Study in Korea. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1949.

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