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Article

Premenstrual Syndrome Is Associated with Dietary and Lifestyle Behaviors among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from Sharjah, UAE

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Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Sciences/Research Institute of Medical and Health Sciences (RIMHS), University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, UAE
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Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Malaysia
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Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain
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College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Jerash University, Jerash 26150, Jordan
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Department of Histopathology, College of Medicine, Hail University, Hail 55462, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences/Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, UAE
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1939; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081939
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 17 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet, Estrogen Metabolism and Women's Health)
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a cyclical late luteal phase disorder of the menstrual cycle whereby the daily functioning of women is affected by emotional and physical symptoms substantially interfering with their quality of life. Little is known about PMS in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of PMS among university students in Sharjah, UAE, and clarify its associations with dietary habits, lifestyle behaviors, and anthropometric factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted on female college students at the University of Sharjah, UAE. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and anthropometric assessments. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Participants were 300 adult university students aged 18–24 years (mean age 20.07 ± 1.53 years). In total, 95% of participants reported at least one PMS symptom during their menstrual period. The prevalence of PMS was 35.3%, with mild symptoms being the most commonly reported. Multiple regression analysis showed that smoking was associated with increased risk of reporting psychological (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.1–5.8; p < 0.05) and behavioral symptoms (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.0–4.9; p < 0.05), while high calorie/fat/sugar/salt foods intake was associated with increased risk of reporting physical symptoms (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.4–7.3; p < 0.05). However, fruit consumption (OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.125–0.92; p < 0.05) was associated with a decreased risk of reporting behavioral symptoms. A high prevalence of PMS was reported among university students, with smoking and high calorie/fat/sugar/salt food consumption identified as strong risk factors for PMS. View Full-Text
Keywords: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS); anthropometry; dietary habits; lifestyle behaviors Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS); anthropometry; dietary habits; lifestyle behaviors
MDPI and ACS Style

Hashim, M.S.; Obaideen, A.A.; Jahrami, H.A.; Radwan, H.; Hamad, H.J.; Owais, A.A.; Alardah, L.G.; Qiblawi, S.; Al-Yateem, N.; Faris, “.A.-I.E. Premenstrual Syndrome Is Associated with Dietary and Lifestyle Behaviors among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from Sharjah, UAE. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1939. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081939

AMA Style

Hashim MS, Obaideen AA, Jahrami HA, Radwan H, Hamad HJ, Owais AA, Alardah LG, Qiblawi S, Al-Yateem N, Faris “A-IE. Premenstrual Syndrome Is Associated with Dietary and Lifestyle Behaviors among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from Sharjah, UAE. Nutrients. 2019; 11(8):1939. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081939

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hashim, Mona S., Asma A. Obaideen, Haitham A. Jahrami, Hadia Radwan, Hani J. Hamad, Alaa A. Owais, Lubna G. Alardah, Samir Qiblawi, Nabeel Al-Yateem, and “Mo’ez A.-I.E. Faris 2019. "Premenstrual Syndrome Is Associated with Dietary and Lifestyle Behaviors among University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from Sharjah, UAE" Nutrients 11, no. 8: 1939. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081939

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