Next Article in Journal
Greater Efficacy of Black Ginseng (CJ EnerG) over Red Ginseng against Lethal Influenza A Virus Infection
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Bread Structure and In Vitro Oral Processing Methods in Bolus Disintegration and Glycemic Index
Previous Article in Journal
Dietary Patterns and Renal Health Outcomes in the General Population: A Review Focusing on Prospective Studies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Abscisic Acid Standardized Fig (Ficus carica) Extracts Ameliorate Postprandial Glycemic and Insulinemic Responses in Healthy Adults
Open AccessDiscussion

Incretin Hormones: The Link between Glycemic Index and Cardiometabolic Diseases

1
Unit of Internal Medicine, Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Piazza Miraglia, 2, 80138 Naples, Italy
2
Unit of Internal Medicine, Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Piazza Miraglia, 2, 80138 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1878; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081878
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 8 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Relationship between Glycemic Index and Human Health)
This review aimed to describe the potential mechanisms by which incretin hormones could mediate the relationship between glycemic index and cardiometabolic diseases. A body of evidence from many studies suggests that low glycemic index (GI) diets reduces the risk for type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. In fact, despite the extensive literature on this topic, the mechanisms underlying unfavorable effects of high GI foods on health remain not well defined. The postprandial and hormonal milieu could play a key role in the relationship between GI and cardiovascular risk. Incretin hormones, glucagon-like peptide1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), are important regulators of postprandial homeostasis by amplifying insulin secretory responses. Response of GIP and GLP-1 to GI have been studied more in depth, also by several studies on isomaltulose, which have been taken as an ideal model to investigate the kinetics of incretin secretion in response to foods’ GI. In addition, extrapancreatic effects of these incretin hormones were also recently observed. Emerging from this have been exciting effects on several targets, such as body weight regulation, lipid metabolism, white adipose tissue, cardiovascular system, kidney, and liver, which may importantly affect the health status. View Full-Text
Keywords: glycemic index; incretin hormones; cardiometabolic diseases glycemic index; incretin hormones; cardiometabolic diseases
MDPI and ACS Style

Salvatore, T.; Nevola, R.; Pafundi, P.C.; Monaco, L.; Ricozzi, C.; Imbriani, S.; Rinaldi, L.; Sasso, F.C. Incretin Hormones: The Link between Glycemic Index and Cardiometabolic Diseases. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1878.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop