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Open AccessArticle

Food Safety Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Brazilian Food Truck Food Handlers

1
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasilia 70910-900, Brazil
2
GeQual—Study Group of Food Quality, Centro de Desenvolvimento do Ensino Superior em Saúde, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04021-001, Brazil
3
Department of Statistics, Institute of Exact Sciences, University of Brasilia (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasilia 70910-900, Brazil
4
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasilia 70910-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(8), 1784; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081784
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 31 July 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019
This study aimed to (i) compare the food safety knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported practices (KAP) and observed food safety practices of food truck (FT) food handlers, (ii) evaluate the microbiological quality of food and water samples collected from these vehicles, and (iii) establish a score classification for the KAP instrument according to the food contamination probability assessment. This study was conducted in three stages with 40 food truck food handlers conveniently sampled in the Federal District, Brazil, through structured interviews, application of an observational checklist for the assessment of handlers’ practices and the collection of food and water samples for determination of microbiological quality. FTs that are likely to exhibit food contamination and are at a high risk of foodborne diseases if at least one of the following situations occur: (1) if a food handler scores ≤6 in the knowledge section; (2) if a food handler scores ≤5 in the attitudes section; or (3) if a food handler scores ≤6 in the self-reported practices section. On the other hand, FTs in which handlers score higher than the cutoff points in all the sections are unlikely to exhibit food contamination and are at a low risk of foodborne diseases. The findings of this study are the first step to understand food handlers’ point of view and the initial diagnosis to guide educational strategies in the FT sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: food truck; food handlers; KAP; microbiological assessment; food safety food truck; food handlers; KAP; microbiological assessment; food safety
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Isoni Auad, L.; Cortez Ginani, V.; Stedefeldt, E.; Yoshio Nakano, E.; Costa Santos Nunes, A.; Puppin Zandonadi, R. Food Safety Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Brazilian Food Truck Food Handlers. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1784.

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