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Open AccessArticle

Diet and Neurodevelopmental Score in a Sample of One-Year-Old Children—A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, 4630 Kristiansand, Norway
2
Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Sorlandet Hospital, 4615 Kristiansand, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1676; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071676
Received: 20 June 2019 / Revised: 17 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 21 July 2019
Environmental factors in the first years of life are crucial for a child’s neurodevelopment. Research on the association between breastfeeding and neurodevelopment is inconclusive, while research on the possible association between other dietary factors and neurodevelopment is inadequate in children as young as one year of age. The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between both breastfeeding and other dietary factors and the neurodevelopment of one-year-old children in Norway. Methods: Participants were recruited from kindergartens in four Norwegian counties in 2017. A questionnaire including questions about dietary factors and breastfeeding, and a standardised age-related questionnaire on neurodevelopment (the Ages and Stages Questionnaire), were completed by parents of one-year-olds. Linear regressions adjusting for relevant covariates were conducted to explore the associations. Results: In our sample of 212 one-year-old children, a longer duration of breastfeeding was associated with higher neurodevelopmental scores. Dietary intake of fish, fruits and vegetables was also strongly associated with higher neurodevelopmental scores, even after adjustment for breastfeeding and maternal education. Conclusion: Our results indicate that healthy dietary factors are important for neurodevelopment in young children, with measurable effects already at the age of one year. View Full-Text
Keywords: neurodevelopment; ages and stages questionnaire (ASQ); children; diet; fruits and vegetables; vegetable intake; fish intake; dietary factors; breastfeeding neurodevelopment; ages and stages questionnaire (ASQ); children; diet; fruits and vegetables; vegetable intake; fish intake; dietary factors; breastfeeding
MDPI and ACS Style

Blomkvist, E.A.M.; Hillesund, E.R.; Helland, S.H.; Simhan, I.; Øverby, N.C. Diet and Neurodevelopmental Score in a Sample of One-Year-Old Children—A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1676.

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