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Review

Nutraceutical Potential of Carica papaya in Metabolic Syndrome

1
Graduate Program in Health and Development in the Central-West Region of Brazil, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul-UFMS, MS 79079-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
2
Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Alimentos e Nutrição, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul-UFMS, MS 79079-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
3
Institute of Biosciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul-UFMS, MS 79079-900 Campo Grande, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1608; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071608
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 16 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutraceutical, Nutrition Supplements and Human Health)
Carica papaya L. is a well-known fruit worldwide, and its highest production occurs in tropical and subtropical regions. The pulp contains vitamins A, C, and E, B complex vitamins, such as pantothenic acid and folate, and minerals, such as magnesium and potassium, as well as food fibers. Phenolic compounds, such as benzyl isothiocyanate, glucosinolates, tocopherols (α and δ), β-cryptoxanthin, β-carotene and carotenoids, are found in the seeds. The oil extracted from the seed principally presents oleic fatty acid followed by palmitic, linoleic and stearic acids, whereas the leaves have high contents of food fibers and polyphenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponins, pro-anthocyanins, tocopherol, and benzyl isothiocyanate. Studies demonstrated that the nutrients present in its composition have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, protecting it against cardiovascular illnesses and preventing harm caused by free radicals. It has also been reported that it aids in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and in the reduction of cholesterol levels. Thus, both the pulp and the other parts of the plant (leaves and seeds) present antioxidant, anti-hypertensive, hypoglycemic, and hypolipidemic actions, which, in turn, can contribute to the prevention and treatment of obesity and associated metabolic disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: blood glucose; food composition; metabolic syndrome; natural products; Carica papaya blood glucose; food composition; metabolic syndrome; natural products; Carica papaya
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santana, L.F.; Inada, A.C.; Espirito Santo, B.L.S.d.; Filiú, W.F.O.; Pott, A.; Alves, F.M.; Guimarães, R.d.C.A.; Freitas, K.d.C.; Hiane, P.A. Nutraceutical Potential of Carica papaya in Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1608. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071608

AMA Style

Santana LF, Inada AC, Espirito Santo BLSd, Filiú WFO, Pott A, Alves FM, Guimarães RdCA, Freitas KdC, Hiane PA. Nutraceutical Potential of Carica papaya in Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients. 2019; 11(7):1608. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071608

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santana, Lidiani F., Aline C. Inada, Bruna L.S.d. Espirito Santo, Wander F.O. Filiú, Arnildo Pott, Flávio M. Alves, Rita d.C.A. Guimarães, Karine d.C. Freitas, and Priscila A. Hiane. 2019. "Nutraceutical Potential of Carica papaya in Metabolic Syndrome" Nutrients 11, no. 7: 1608. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071608

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