Next Article in Journal
Nut and Peanut Butter Consumption and Mortality in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Child-Report of Food Insecurity Is Associated with Diet Quality in Children
Previous Article in Journal
Role of Hypovitaminosis D in the Pathogenesis of Obesity-Induced Insulin Resistance
Previous Article in Special Issue
Socio-Ecological Factors That Influence Infant and Young Child Nutrition in Kiribati: A Biocultural Perspective
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Examining Constructs of Parental Reflective Motivation towards Reducing Unhealthy Food Provision to Young Children

1
Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Bedford Park 5042, South Australia, Australia
2
School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
3
Health and Biosecurity Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
4
Early Prevention of Obesity in Childhood Centre for Research Excellence, Sydney 2006, New South Wales, Australia
5
College of Health and Medicine, The Australian National University, Acton 2600, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1507; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071507
Received: 7 May 2019 / Revised: 21 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Eating Behavior in Children)
  |  
PDF [728 KB, uploaded 1 July 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Parents are an ideal target to reduce children’s unhealthy food intake. Motivation is one component of behavior change; however, there is a paucity of research exploring parental motivation in unhealthy food provision. This study aimed to understand the relationships between, and relative importance of, constructs of parents’ reflective motivation and children’s intake of unhealthy foods. An online survey captured parent-rated reflective motivation constructs based on the health action process approach (HAPA) model, and children’s intake of unhealthy food using the short food survey. The HAPA model includes constructs of self-efficacy, risk perception, outcome expectancies, intention, and planning. Structural equation modelling was used to examine relationships between constructs and the HAPA model in its structural form. Four-hundred and ninety-five parents of three to seven-year olds completed the study. Model fit statistics (X2 = 210.03, df = 83, p < 0.001; Comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.96; Tucker Lewis index (TLI) = 0.94) supported suitability of the HAPA model. The HAPA model explained 9.2% of the variance in children’s unhealthy food intake. Constructs of self-efficacy (action to maintenance β = 0.69; maintenance to recovery β = 0.70; maintenance to planning β = 0.82) were found to be the most important constructs for reducing children’s unhealthy food intake, followed by planning (to unhealthy food intake β = −0.32) and intention (to planning β = 0.21). This study provides an initial insight into parental motivation and identifies primary intervention targets to enhance parental motivation to reduce unhealthy food provision, and subsequently children’s unhealthy food intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: unhealthy food; motivation; parents; early childhood; health action process approach model; self-efficacy; child nutrition unhealthy food; motivation; parents; early childhood; health action process approach model; self-efficacy; child nutrition
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, B.J.; Hendrie, G.A.; Zarnowiecki, D.; Huynh, E.K.; Golley, R.K. Examining Constructs of Parental Reflective Motivation towards Reducing Unhealthy Food Provision to Young Children. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1507.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top