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Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment

1
National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology (IFC), 73100 Lecce, Italy
2
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics and Maternal/Child Sciences, University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy
3
Rehabilitation Department, Cardio-Respiratory Care Unit, “V Fazzi” Hospital, ASL Lecce, 73100 Lecce, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1357; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061357
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 16 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Respiratory Disease and Nutrition)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and a growing healthcare problem. Identification of modifiable risk factors for prevention and treatment of COPD is urgent, and the scientific community has begun to pay close attention to diet as an integral part of COPD management, from prevention to treatment. This review summarizes the evidence from observational and clinical studies regarding the impact of nutrients and dietary patterns on lung function and COPD development, progression, and outcomes, with highlights on potential mechanisms of action. Several dietary options can be considered in terms of COPD prevention and/or progression. Although definitive data are lacking, the available scientific evidence indicates that some foods and nutrients, especially those nutraceuticals endowed with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and when consumed in combinations in the form of balanced dietary patterns, are associated with better pulmonary function, less lung function decline, and reduced risk of COPD. Knowledge of dietary influences on COPD may provide health professionals with an evidence-based lifestyle approach to better counsel patients toward improved pulmonary health. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; dietary pattern; inflammation; lung function; Mediterranean diet; nutrition; oxidative stress; polyphenol; polyunsaturated fatty acid antioxidant; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; dietary pattern; inflammation; lung function; Mediterranean diet; nutrition; oxidative stress; polyphenol; polyunsaturated fatty acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scoditti, E.; Massaro, M.; Garbarino, S.; Toraldo, D.M. Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1357. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061357

AMA Style

Scoditti E, Massaro M, Garbarino S, Toraldo DM. Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients. 2019; 11(6):1357. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061357

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scoditti, Egeria; Massaro, Marika; Garbarino, Sergio; Toraldo, Domenico M. 2019. "Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment" Nutrients 11, no. 6: 1357. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061357

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