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Milk Therapy: Unexpected Uses for Human Breast Milk

Department of Biophysics and Human Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Chalubinskiego 5, 02-004 Warsaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 944;
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 23 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 26 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Milk and Lactation)
Background: Human breast milk provides a child with complete nutrition but is also a popular therapeutic remedy that has been used in traditional, natural pharmacopeia, and ethnomedicine for many years. The aim of this current review is to summarize studies of non-nutritional uses of mothers’ milk. Methods: Two databases (PubMed and Google Scholar) were searched with a combination of twelve search terms. We selected articles that were published between 1 January 2010, and 1 January 2019. The language of publication was limited to English. Results: Fifteen studies were included in the systematic review. Ten of these were randomized controlled trials, one was a quasi-experimental study, two were in vitro studies, and four employed an animal research model. Conclusions: Many human milk components have shown promise in preclinical studies and are undergoing active clinical evaluation. The protective and treatment role of fresh breast milk is particularly important in areas where mothers and infants do not have ready access to medicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: human milk benefits; colostrum; milk therapy; bioactive factors human milk benefits; colostrum; milk therapy; bioactive factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Witkowska-Zimny, M.; Kamińska-El-Hassan, E.; Wróbel, E. Milk Therapy: Unexpected Uses for Human Breast Milk. Nutrients 2019, 11, 944.

AMA Style

Witkowska-Zimny M, Kamińska-El-Hassan E, Wróbel E. Milk Therapy: Unexpected Uses for Human Breast Milk. Nutrients. 2019; 11(5):944.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Witkowska-Zimny, Malgorzata, Ewa Kamińska-El-Hassan, and Edyta Wróbel. 2019. "Milk Therapy: Unexpected Uses for Human Breast Milk" Nutrients 11, no. 5: 944.

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