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Open AccessArticle

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Salt and Assessment of Dietary Salt and Fat Intake among University of Sharjah Students

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Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 27272, United Arab Emirates
2
Nutrition and Health Department, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain 15551, United Arab Emirates
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 941; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11050941
Received: 28 March 2019 / Revised: 20 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 26 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cholesterol and Nutrition)
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of deaths in the United Arab Emirates and reducing dietary salt intake is recommended to improve the population’s health. Methods: a cross-sectional survey was given to 401 students from the University of Sharjah to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to dietary salt intake and a 24-h dietary recall among a subsample of 122 students, to assess the dietary intake of total fat, cholesterol, saturated fat, trans fat, and sodium. Results: findings indicated low salt-related knowledge scores among students (17 out of 30), high prevalence of overweight (28%), obesity (14%), hypertension stage 1 (31%), and hypertension stage 2 (20%). The results also revealed a high percentage of students exceeding the recommended intake of total fat (48%), saturated fat (90%), trans fat (64%), and sodium (89%), and all students not meeting potassium recommendations. Conclusions: culture-specific awareness campaigns on salt and fat intake and their association with health are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary salt; dietary fat; students; knowledge; attitude; practice dietary salt; dietary fat; students; knowledge; attitude; practice
MDPI and ACS Style

Cheikh Ismail, L.; Hashim, M.; H. Jarrar, A.; N. Mohamad, M.; T. Saleh, S.; Jawish, N.; Bekdache, M.; Albaghli, H.; Kdsi, D.; Aldarweesh, D.; S. Al Dhaheri, A. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Salt and Assessment of Dietary Salt and Fat Intake among University of Sharjah Students. Nutrients 2019, 11, 941.

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