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Effect of High Fiber Cereal Intake on Satiety and Gastrointestinal Symptoms during Ramadan

1
Nutrition and Health Department, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain 15551, UAE
2
Department of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY 10016, USA
3
Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK
4
Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 27272, UAE
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(4), 939; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11040939
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 25 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cholesterol and Nutrition)
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PDF [421 KB, uploaded 25 April 2019]
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Abstract

(1) Background: Fasting during Ramadan involves large changes in daily eating patterns which strongly impacts the daily biorhythm and challenges the regular function of the digestive tract. The aim of this study was to assess satiety, bowel habits, body composition, blood glycaemia, and blood lipidemia after the consumption of high fiber cereal at dawn (Sohor) during the month of Ramadan; (2) Methods: A two-arm randomized, controlled, single-blinded, parallel-design study was conducted in Ramadan month. Participants were randomized to consume either 90 g of high fiber cereal (11 g fiber/90 g) at Sohor for 20 consecutive days (intervention group, n = 45) or to maintain their habitual diet intake (control group; n = 36); (3) Results: The intervention group reported higher satiety rating scores, improved bowel habits and reduced bloating frequency after the 20-day intervention. Significantly higher intake of carbohydrates and dietary fiber were observed in the intervention group. Total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were significantly lower among the intervention group compared to the control group (p-value = 0.043, and p-value = 0.033, respectively) at the end of the intervention. No significant differences in body weight, body fat percentage, waist circumference, body mass index, blood glucose, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides were observed between the two groups; (4) Conclusions: Consuming high fiber cereal had a positive effect on health and well-being during the month of Ramadan with better satiety, improved bowel functions, and improved blood lipids. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary fiber; Ramadan; cereal; high fiber dietary fiber; Ramadan; cereal; high fiber
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Jarrar, A.H.; Beasley, J.M.; Ohuma, E.O.; Cheikh Ismail, L.; Qeshta, D.A.; Mohamad, M.N.; Al Dhaheri, A.S. Effect of High Fiber Cereal Intake on Satiety and Gastrointestinal Symptoms during Ramadan. Nutrients 2019, 11, 939.

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