Glutamine Therapy Reduces Inflammation and Extracellular Trap Release in Experimental Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome of Pulmonary Origin
AbstractThe innate immune response plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Glutamine (Gln) decreases lung inflammation in experimental ARDS, but its impact on the formation of extracellular traps (ETs) in the lung is unknown. In a mouse model of endotoxin-induced pulmonary ARDS, the effects of Gln treatment on leukocyte counts and ET content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), inflammatory profile in lung tissue, and lung morphofunction were evaluated in vivo. Furthermore, ET formation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR) activities were tested in vitro. Our in vivo results demonstrated that Gln treatment reduced ET release (as indicated by cell-free-DNA content and myeloperoxidase activity), decreased lung inflammation (reductions in interferon-γ and increases in interleukin-10 levels), and improved lung morpho-function (decreased static lung elastance and alveolar collapse) in comparison with ARDS animals treated with saline. Moreover, Gln reduced ET and ROS formation in BALF cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide in vitro, but it did not alter GPx or GR activity. In this model of endotoxin-induced pulmonary ARDS, treatment with Gln reduced pulmonary functional and morphological impairment, inflammation, and ET release in the lung. View Full-Text
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de Oliveira, G.P.; Kitoko, J.Z.; de Souza Lima-Gomes, P.; Rochael, N.C.; de Araújo, C.C.; Lugon, P.N.; dos Santos, H.L.; Martins, E.G.L.; Ornellas, F.M.; de Oliveira, H.D.; Morales, M.M.; Olsen, P.C.; Galina, A.; Silva, P.L.; Saraiva, E.M.; Pelosi, P.; Rocco, P.R.M. Glutamine Therapy Reduces Inflammation and Extracellular Trap Release in Experimental Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome of Pulmonary Origin. Nutrients 2019, 11, 831.
de Oliveira GP, Kitoko JZ, de Souza Lima-Gomes P, Rochael NC, de Araújo CC, Lugon PN, dos Santos HL, Martins EGL, Ornellas FM, de Oliveira HD, Morales MM, Olsen PC, Galina A, Silva PL, Saraiva EM, Pelosi P, Rocco PRM. Glutamine Therapy Reduces Inflammation and Extracellular Trap Release in Experimental Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome of Pulmonary Origin. Nutrients. 2019; 11(4):831.Chicago/Turabian Style
de Oliveira, Gisele P.; Kitoko, Jamil Z.; de Souza Lima-Gomes, Phillipe; Rochael, Natália C.; de Araújo, Carla C.; Lugon, Pâmella N.; dos Santos, Heloísa L.; Martins, Eduarda G.L.; Ornellas, Felipe M.; de Oliveira, Helena D.; Morales, Marcelo M.; Olsen, Priscilla C.; Galina, Antônio; Silva, Pedro L.; Saraiva, Elvira M.; Pelosi, Paolo; Rocco, Patricia R.M. 2019. "Glutamine Therapy Reduces Inflammation and Extracellular Trap Release in Experimental Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome of Pulmonary Origin." Nutrients 11, no. 4: 831.
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