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Open AccessCommunication

Difficulties in Translating Appetite Sensations Effect of Turmeric-Based Beverage When Given Prior to Isoenergetic Medium- or High-Fat Meals in Healthy Subjects

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Food for Health Science Centre, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
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Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
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School of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), P.O. Box 6121, Campinas 13083-862, SP, Brazil
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Department of Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Campus Palmeira das Missões, Palmeira das Missões 98300-000, RS, Brazil
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Institute Paul Bocuse Research Centre, CEDEX, 69131 Ecully, France
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Good Idea Inc., Larkspur, CA 94939, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(4), 736; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11040736
Received: 12 January 2019 / Revised: 21 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
The established effect of turmeric and its curcuminoids on appetite sensations was previously shown to be mediated by gut hormones release. In in vitro and preclinical studies, curcumin was shown to induce GLP-1 secretion and improve postprandial glycemia. In humans, consumption of 220 mL turmeric-based beverage (TUR, containing 185 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)) prior to white wheat bread (WWB, 50 g available carbohydrate) reduced early postprandial glucose levels and induced peptide tyrosine–tyrosine (PYY) release, as well as lowered ‘desire to eat’ and ‘prospective consumption’ in a postprandial setting, compared to control. In the present study, 12 healthy participants (5 men, 7 women) were admitted. An identical beverage was given and consumed prior to isoenergetic (423 kcal) medium-fat (MF) or high-fat (HF) meals. Appetite sensations including perceived ‘hunger’, ‘desire to eat’, ‘satiety’, ‘fullness’, ‘prospective consumption’, and ‘thirst’ were measured using visual analogue scales. MF induced 18% (p = 0.039) higher ‘satiety’ compared to HF. TUR consumption prior to either MF or HF did not modulate the perceived appetite sensations. Whether macronutrient-induced appetite sensations override the actual turmeric effects warrants further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: turmeric; appetite; postprandial; isoenergetic; high fat; medium fat turmeric; appetite; postprandial; isoenergetic; high fat; medium fat
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zanzer, Y.C.; Batista, Â.G.; Dougkas, A.; Tovar, J.; Granfeldt, Y.; Östman, E. Difficulties in Translating Appetite Sensations Effect of Turmeric-Based Beverage When Given Prior to Isoenergetic Medium- or High-Fat Meals in Healthy Subjects. Nutrients 2019, 11, 736.

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