Next Article in Journal
In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Probiotic Potential of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus against Species of Clostridium
Next Article in Special Issue
Adaptation and Validation of the Hydration Status Questionnaire in a Spanish Adolescent-Young Population: A Cross Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
Association between Nutritional Status and Mortality after Aortic Valve Replacement Procedure in Elderly with Severe Aortic Stenosis
Article

Beverage Intake and Drinking Patterns—Clues to Support Older People Living in Long-Term Care to Drink Well: DRIE and FISE Studies

1
Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
2
School of Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 447; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020447
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 16 February 2019 / Published: 21 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydration and Health: Scientific Evidence and Recommendations)
Low-intake dehydration, due to insufficient beverage intake, is common in older people and associated with increased mortality and morbidity. We aimed to document the drinking patterns of older adults living in long-term care and compared patterns in those drinking well with those not drinking enough. One-hundred-and-eighty-eight people aged ≥ 65 years living in 56 UK long-term care homes were interviewed and hydration status was assessed in the Dehydration Recognition In our Elders (DRIE) study. In 22 DRIE residents, the Fluid Intake Study in our Elders (FISE) directly observed, weighed and recorded all drinks intake over 24 h. Twenty percent of DRIE participants and 18% of FISE participants had low-intake dehydration (serum osmolality > 300 mOsm/kg). Mean total drinks intake was 1787 mL/day (SD 693) in FISE participants (2033 ± 842 mL/day in men; 1748 ± 684 mL/day in women). Most drinks intake was between meals (59%, including 10% with medications). Twelve (55%) FISE participants achieved European Food Safety Authority drinks goals (3/6 men drank ≥ 2.0 L/day, 9/16 women drank ≥ 1.6 L/day). Those drinking well were offered beverages more frequently and drank more with medications and before breakfast (beverage variety did not differ). Promising strategies to support healthy drinking include offering drinks more frequently, particularly before and during breakfast and with medication. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking; drinking behavior; beverages; dehydration; aged; long-term care facilities; residential care; dementia; osmolar concentration drinking; drinking behavior; beverages; dehydration; aged; long-term care facilities; residential care; dementia; osmolar concentration
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jimoh, O.F.; Brown, T.J.; Bunn, D.; Hooper, L. Beverage Intake and Drinking Patterns—Clues to Support Older People Living in Long-Term Care to Drink Well: DRIE and FISE Studies. Nutrients 2019, 11, 447. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020447

AMA Style

Jimoh OF, Brown TJ, Bunn D, Hooper L. Beverage Intake and Drinking Patterns—Clues to Support Older People Living in Long-Term Care to Drink Well: DRIE and FISE Studies. Nutrients. 2019; 11(2):447. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020447

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jimoh, Oluseyi F., Tracey J. Brown, Diane Bunn, and Lee Hooper. 2019. "Beverage Intake and Drinking Patterns—Clues to Support Older People Living in Long-Term Care to Drink Well: DRIE and FISE Studies" Nutrients 11, no. 2: 447. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020447

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop