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Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020264

Distorted Taste and Impaired Oral Health in Patients with Sicca Complaints

1
Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
2
Department of Cariology and Gerodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
3
Dentistry Administration, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
4
Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, 0317 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2018 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Taste, Nutrition and Health)
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Abstract

Senses of smell and taste, saliva flow, and dental status are considered as important factors for the maintenance of a good nutritional status. Salivary secretory rates, chemosensory function, burning mouth sensation, halitosis and dental status were investigated in 58 patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS), 22 non-Sjögren’s syndrome sicca (non-SS) patients, and 57 age-matched healthy controls. A significantly greater proportion of patients with pSS and non-SS had ageusia, dysgeusia, burning mouth sensation, and halitosis compared to controls. Patients with pSS had significantly lower olfactory and gustatory scores, and significantly higher caries experience compared to controls. Patients with pSS and non-SS patients had significantly lower unstimulated and stimulated whole saliva secretory rates compared to controls. The findings indicated that several different aspects of oral health were compromised in both, patients with pSS and non-SS, and this may affect their food intake and, hence, their nutritional status. Although non-SS patients do not fulfill Sjögren’s syndrome classification criteria, they have similar or, in some cases, even worse oral complaints than the patients with pSS. Further studies are needed to investigate food preferences, dietary intake, and nutritional status in these two patient groups in relation to their health condition. View Full-Text
Keywords: taste; smell; dysgeusia; burning sensation; halitosis; saliva; caries; primary Sjögren’s syndrome; non-SS sicca syndrome taste; smell; dysgeusia; burning sensation; halitosis; saliva; caries; primary Sjögren’s syndrome; non-SS sicca syndrome
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Singh, P.B.; Young, A.; Homayouni, A.; Hove, L.H.; Petrovski, B.É.; Herlofson, B.B.; Palm, Ø.; Rykke, M.; Jensen, J.L. Distorted Taste and Impaired Oral Health in Patients with Sicca Complaints. Nutrients 2019, 11, 264.

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