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Open AccessArticle

Growth Pattern, Resting Energy Expenditure, and Nutrient Intake of Children with Food Allergies

1
Pediatric Department, Vittore Buzzi Children’s Hospital, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Castelvetro 32, 20154 Milan, Italy
2
International Center for the Assessment of Nutritional Status (ICANS), Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Sandro Botticelli 21, 20133 Milan, Italy
3
Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Liver Research Center, AREA Science park, Strada Statale 14, km 163.5, 34012 Trieste, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 212; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020212
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
Growth impairment has been reported in children with food allergies (FA). However, the available data on the dietary intake of FA children are controversial, and no data are available on their resting energy expenditure (REE). The aim of this study was to test whether REE differs between FA and healthy children. In this study, 30 FA children were matched by sex and age, with 31 healthy controls using coarsened exact matching (CEM). Their REE was measured by indirect calorimetry (IC). Energy and macronutrient intake were evaluated using a three-day dietary record. Between-group comparisons were performed by robust median regression using CEM-related weights. The association of REE with allergies was also evaluated using robust median regression models. Anthropometric measurements, REE, and nutrient intake were similar in FA children and matched controls. Taking into account the association of REE with gender and age, a statistically significant but biologically negligible association was detected between median REE and allergy status (+9% in FA children). In conclusion, we did not find any biologically relevant difference in REE, anthropometry, and dietary intake in children with FA compared to healthy children. View Full-Text
Keywords: resting energy expenditure; indirect calorimetry; food allergy; food intake; children resting energy expenditure; indirect calorimetry; food allergy; food intake; children
MDPI and ACS Style

D’Auria, E.; Fabiano, V.; Bertoli, S.; Bedogni, G.; Bosetti, A.; Pendezza, E.; Sartorio, M.U.A.; Leone, A.; Spadafranca, A.; Borsani, B.; Stucchi, F.; Battezzati, A.; Zuccotti, G.V. Growth Pattern, Resting Energy Expenditure, and Nutrient Intake of Children with Food Allergies. Nutrients 2019, 11, 212.

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