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Nutritional Gaps and Supplementation in the First 1000 Days

Church & Dwight, Co., Inc., Product Development Nutritional Sciences, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
Premier Nutrition, LLC, Bernardsville, NJ 07924, USA
PearTree Nutrition, LLC, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
Dupont Nutrition & Biosciences, FIN-02460 Kantvik, Finland
Kemin Industries, Inc., Des Moines, IA 50317, USA
DSM Nutritional Products, Columbia, MD 21045, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The two authors contributed equally.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2891;
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 19 November 2019 / Published: 27 November 2019
Optimized nutrition during the first 1000 days (from conception through the 2nd birthday) is critical for healthy development and a healthy life for the newborn. Pregnancy and the postpartum period are accompanied by physiological changes, increased energy needs, and changing requirements in the nutrients critical for optimal growth and development. Infants and toddlers also experience physiological changes and have specific nutritional needs. Food and nutrition experts can provide women of childbearing age with adequate dietary advice to optimize nutrition, as well as guidance on selecting appropriate dietary supplements. Considering the approaching 2020–2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) will be making specific recommendations for children, it is important to provide accurate scientific information to support health influencers in the field of nutrition. The purpose of this review is to summarize the nutrition and supplementation literature for the first 1000 days; to highlight nutritional and knowledge gaps; and to educate nutrition influencers to provide thoughtful guidance to mothers and families. Optimal nutrition during pregnancy through early childhood is critical for supporting a healthy life. Nutrition influencers, such as dietitians, obstetricians/gynecologists, and other relevant health professionals, should continue guiding supplement and food intake and work closely with expectant families and nutrition gatekeepers. View Full-Text
Keywords: first 1000 days; nutrition; deficiency; supplementation; life cycle; pregnancy; early childhood first 1000 days; nutrition; deficiency; supplementation; life cycle; pregnancy; early childhood
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Beluska-Turkan, K.; Korczak, R.; Hartell, B.; Moskal, K.; Maukonen, J.; Alexander, D.E.; Salem, N.; Harkness, L.; Ayad, W.; Szaro, J.; Zhang, K.; Siriwardhana, N. Nutritional Gaps and Supplementation in the First 1000 Days. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2891.

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