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Communication

Impact of Vitamin D on Physical Efficiency and Exercise Performance—A Review

1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, M. Curie 9, 85-090 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurotraumatology and Paediatric Neurosurgery, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3
Department of Geriatrics, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
4
Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2826; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112826
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Sport Performance)
Vitamin D deficiency amongst athletes and the general population seems to be a prominent problem. The most recognized role of vitamin D is its regulation of calcium homeostasis; there is a strong relationship between vitamin D and bone health. Moreover, its concentrations are associated with muscle function and immune response in both the general and athletic populations. Vitamin D level is strongly connected with the presence of VDRs (vitamin D receptors) in most human extraskeletal cells. Expression of multiple myogenic transcription factors enhancing muscle cell proliferation and differentiation is caused by an exposure of skeletal muscles to vitamin D. The aim of this review is to summarize current understanding of the significance of vitamin D on exercise performance and physical efficiency, as well to analyze the impact of vitamin D on multiple potential mechanisms. More high-quality research studies, considering free 25(OH)D as a better marker of vitamin D status, the baseline level of 25(OH)D and multiple pathways of vitamin D acting and usage in athletes are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: 25(OH)D; VDR; VDBP; athlete; physical efficiency; exercise performance; vitamin D deficiency 25(OH)D; VDR; VDBP; athlete; physical efficiency; exercise performance; vitamin D deficiency
MDPI and ACS Style

Wiciński, M.; Adamkiewicz, D.; Adamkiewicz, M.; Śniegocki, M.; Podhorecka, M.; Szychta, P.; Malinowski, B. Impact of Vitamin D on Physical Efficiency and Exercise Performance—A Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2826. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112826

AMA Style

Wiciński M, Adamkiewicz D, Adamkiewicz M, Śniegocki M, Podhorecka M, Szychta P, Malinowski B. Impact of Vitamin D on Physical Efficiency and Exercise Performance—A Review. Nutrients. 2019; 11(11):2826. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112826

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wiciński, Michał, Dawid Adamkiewicz, Monika Adamkiewicz, Maciej Śniegocki, Marta Podhorecka, Paweł Szychta, and Bartosz Malinowski. 2019. "Impact of Vitamin D on Physical Efficiency and Exercise Performance—A Review" Nutrients 11, no. 11: 2826. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112826

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