Next Article in Journal
Dietary Trace Minerals
Previous Article in Journal
Plasma versus Erythrocyte Vitamin E in Renal Transplant Recipients, and Duality of Tocopherol Species
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ketonuria Is Associated with Changes to the Abundance of Roseburia in the Gut Microbiota of Overweight and Obese Women at 16 Weeks Gestation: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study
Open AccessArticle

Temporal Trends in Maternal Food Intake Frequencies and Associations with Gestational Diabetes: The Cambridge Baby Growth Study

1
Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
2
MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
3
Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Deceased.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2822; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112822
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition for Gestational Diabetes)
Previous studies have suggested that in the first decade of this century the incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in pregnancy rose worldwide. In the Cambridge Baby Growth Study cohort we observed that this temporal trend was associated with an index of multiple deprivation and reductions in indices of insulin secretion. Deprivation level was not directly associated with GDM, suggesting that the temporal trend may relate more to other factors linked to it, such as dietary composition. In this study we investigated temporal trends in perceived food intake frequencies, derived from a qualitative, short questionnaire, in 865 pregnant Cambridge Baby Growth Study (CBGS) recruits. A number of food frequency ranks showed both temporal trends and associations with GDM, but of note is the frequency of egg consumption (negative temporal trend p = 0.03, slope = −6.2 ranks/year; negative association with GDM p = 3.0 × 10−8, slope = −0.002 increased risk/rank) as it was also positively associated with the insulin disposition index (p = 1.17 × 10−3, slope = 0.42 ranks. L/mmoL). These results are consistent with a potential protective effect of factors related to the frequency of egg consumption in pregnancy. Such factors may have contributed to the observed temporal trend in GDM risk but the overall detectable effect appears to have been small. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; diet; food frequency questionnaire; glucose; insulin secretion pregnancy; diet; food frequency questionnaire; glucose; insulin secretion
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Petry, C.J.; Ong, K.K.; Hughes, I.A.; Acerini, C.L.; Dunger, D.B. Temporal Trends in Maternal Food Intake Frequencies and Associations with Gestational Diabetes: The Cambridge Baby Growth Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2822.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop